地理研究 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 351-358.doi: 10.11821/yj2000040004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

澳门的城市性质及其在我国城市体系中的地位和作用

叶舜赞   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-12-05 修回日期:2000-08-15 出版日期:2000-12-15 发布日期:2000-12-15
  • 作者简介:叶舜赞(1936- ),男,浙江余姚人。曾从事城市与区域地理和农业地理研究,主要考察地域在华北、西南和东北。主编著有《城市化与城市体系》、《一国两制模式的区域一体化研究》,发表“大城市地区生态环境整治研究的社会经济分析”,“香港与京九铁路及其沿线地区的开发”等多篇论文。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49771033)

The urban characteristics of Macao and its role and position in the urban system of China

YE Shun-zan   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:1999-12-05 Revised:2000-08-15 Online:2000-12-15 Published:2000-12-15

摘要: 文章分析了澳门城市形成和发展的历史基础,其性质和功能特点,当前的经济结构状况及其发展条件。在此基础上指出了它的发展方向,以及在中国恢复行使主权和特别行政区高度自治(“一国两制”)条件下的区域经济一体化的途径。

关键词: 澳门, 区域一体化, 产业结构调整

Abstract: Firstly, the paper reviewed the background of its historical development and the present economic structure of the city. An analysis of the urban characteristics and the conditions for keeping the stability and prosperity of the newly repatriated Macao has been made. That help us better understand the character and the unusual functions of the city. Macao was a small declining colonial trade port with poor functions, a mini economy, dissociated over a long period of time from its native community as well as from the mainstream of the international society with not well developed capitalist socio economic systems. The city has become a complementary one to the international metropolis Hong Kong with the character of a peripheral city. The urban economy is a derivative one from the economy of Hong Kong, heavily depending on the outside world. The economic structure is lopsided with gambling and tourism as pillar industries. The paper has evaluated the role and the position of Macao after repatriation in the China's urban system, and has concretely characterized the economic linkages between Macao, Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta( Zhuhai city in particular) and the henceforth orientation of the economic development of Macao. According to the characteristics of the urban economy and its development conditions, it is necessary to go on the way of the regional integration for the Macao's economic development. The Macao's economy should be further integrated with that of Hong Kong under the political support from the Central Government with the background of the abundant resources and wide market in the mainland. Macao could increase its attractiveness and vigor in economic activities, if it has restructured its economy and improved its political and ruling conditions by laws.

Key words: Macao, regional integration, industrial restructurind

PACS: 

  • K928.5