地理研究 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 422-428.doi: 10.11821/yj2000040013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国环境生态形势研究的一种方法

叶庆华1, 杨勤业1, 赵善伦2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 山东师范大学旅游地理系, 济南 250014
  • 收稿日期:1999-10-12 修回日期:2000-04-07 出版日期:2000-12-15 发布日期:2000-12-15
  • 作者简介:叶庆华(1972- )女,山东省日照市人。1994年毕业于山东师范大学地理系,并于1998年获得该校硕士学位,同年在中科院地理研究所攻读博士学位。研究方向为地球系统科学与 可持续发展,景观生态格局与GIS应用。已公开发表“地理科学研究动态”等论文数篇。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49671034)

An approach to the Eco-environmental Situation in China

YE Qing-hua1, YANG Qin-ye1, ZHAO Shan-lun2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Shandong Normal University, Ji'nan 250014, China
  • Received:1999-10-12 Revised:2000-04-07 Online:2000-12-15 Published:2000-12-15

摘要: 在分析国内外环境生态形势研究现状的基础上,结合我国的环境生态形势特征,综合自然、社会、经济因素,构建了评价我国环境生态形势的指标体系,建立各指标计算的数学模型,在地理信息系统和数据库管理系统支持下以全国县域为单元进行多因素综合性定量研究,采用指标权重的地域计算方法来反映区域差异,得出了全国各县的环境生态形势指标值,并绘制出我国环境生态形势图。

关键词: 环境生态形势, 环境形势, 空间分异

Abstract: Based on the latest research of present Eco-environmental Situation at home and abroad and analysis of the characteristics of Environmental Situation in China with the principle of index selection, a set of indices on the Eco-environmental Situation in China has been identified. Then 14 county-unit databases are set up, including two types: 2 spatial databases and 12 attribute databases. And the mathematical models for each index has been developed. With the powerful systematic analytical tool, GIS, and database management system, this paper classifies each index into five degrees and integrates them into a map according to their respective rights by county unit, which is the distribution of the Eco-environmental Situation in China. Finally this paper analyses the distribution of Eco-environmental Situation in China, draws compellent conclusions on this methods and discusses some details. Some items that need to be improved afterwards are put forward.

Key words: Eco-environmental Situation, Environmental Situation, spatial distribution, Geographical Information System (GIS)

PACS: 

  • X171.1