地理研究 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (1): 111-119.doi: 10.11821/yj2001010016

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

评析西方城市土地利用的理论研究

刘盛和, 吴传钧, 陈田   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-04-12 修回日期:2000-10-18 出版日期:2001-02-15 发布日期:2001-02-15
  • 作者简介:刘盛和(1967-),男,湖南衡阳人,博士,副研究员。1997~1998年赴加拿大不列颠哥 伦比亚大学城市土地经济系访问。主要从事土地利用研究,已公开发表论文20余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-310-01-05);国家自然科学基金资助项目(40071030);中国科学院知识创新工程项

A critical review on the progress of urban land use theories in the West

LIU Sheng he, WU Chuan jun, CHEN Tian   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Reseach, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2000-04-12 Revised:2000-10-18 Online:2001-02-15 Published:2001-02-15

摘要:

综述了西方城市土地利用理论研究的最新进展,较深入地评析了各种研究方法与理论派系的独到功力及其局限性。并结合中国城市土地利用的研究进展,提出今后应加强城市土地利用区位经济的理论与实证研究及城市土地开发过程的政治经济分析

关键词: 城市土地利用理论, 研究方法, 西方

Abstract:

This paper carries out a systematical literature survey and critical review on the research progress of urban land use theories in the West, which are classified into historical morphological, locational economics, social behavior, and political economics by their research approaches. The historical morphological approach is good at exploring the spatial differentiation laws and the evolutionary models of urban land use, but its simple circular models are inconsistent with actual situation. The locational economics approach provides strong quantified economic explanation on the spatial structure of urban land use through deep decomposing the price components of urban land, but it pays more attention to “why” than to “what”. The behavior analysis approach becomes more comprehensive and practical because it additionally takes social driving forces into account, but it is based on the two concepts of “uncertainty” and “stochastity” of individual decision makers of land use, thus its theoretical explanation power is rather limited. The political economics approach focuses on the impact of the social production system and “power” on the process of urban land development, and greatly extends and enhances our understanding on inner dynamic mechanics of urban land development. Finally, this paper emphasizes that China should adopt and strengthen the application of locational economics and political economics approaches in its researches on urban land use in the future.

Key words: urban land use theory, research approach, the West

PACS: 

  • F119.9