地理研究 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 479-488.doi: 10.11821/yj2001040012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

购物出行空间的等级结构研究——以天津市为例

仵宗卿1, 柴彦威2, 戴学珍3, 杨吾扬2   

  1. 1. 国土资源部土地整理中心, 北京 100044;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学系, 北京 100871;
    3. 中央财经大学投资经济系, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2000-12-28 修回日期:2001-07-16 出版日期:2001-08-15 发布日期:2001-08-15
  • 作者简介:仵宗卿(1970-),男,山东曹县人,博士。主要从事投资环境分析、评估和土地整理规划设计工作。 电子信箱:wu1zongqing@263.net。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49601006);高等学校博士点专项科研基金资助项目

On hierarchy of shopping trip space for urban residents -A case study of Tianjing City

WU Zong qing1, CHAI Yan wei2, DAI Xue zhen3, YANG Wu yang2   

  1. 1. Center for Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100044, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    3. Department of Investment Economic, Central University of Finance and Economic, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2000-12-28 Revised:2001-07-16 Online:2001-08-15 Published:2001-08-15

摘要:

以天津市为例,通过大量问卷调查,总结出城市居民购物出行的空间圈层结构,为国际间相关问题的横向对比奠定了基础。在中地论的基础上,创建了系统描述和详细分析购物出行空间等级结构的新模式,为今后的相关研究提供一种制度和方法。在市场细分的基础上,总结出天津市三种不同收入阶层的购物出行空间等级结构类型,并对其进行了尝试性解释。

关键词: 购物出行, 购物出行空间, 圈层结构, 等级结构, 天津市民

Abstract:

To initiate the study on consumers'behaviors in China, the authors, based upon quantities of questionnaires and field surveysin Tianjin, analyze the urban residents' shopping trip space. An aggregated ring shape of shopping trip space of Tianjin's residents, which also reflects the hierarchy of urban region, shows a decay in shopping space (distance) from the higher level merchandises to the lower ones, and prove that the 400 to 500 meters'radius of the trip space for convenient merchandises is applicable and boasts its common meanings throughout the world. More creatively, to describe and analyze the hierarchy of shopping trip space in detail and mathematically, a new mode, which is based upon Central Place Theory, is introduced, upon which some new details are found and analyzed. For the market segment, the authors cluster the residential cases into four groups by income levels, and bring out three kinds of hierarchical distribution of shopping trip space, which differentiates the income groups in shopping trip distance and the preference to the hierarchical central places and with some possible accounts for the structures followed.

Key words: shopping trip, shopping trip space, ring shape structure, hierarchy, Tianjin's residents

  • F729.9