地理研究 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (6): 653-659.doi: 10.11821/yj2001060002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

东亚土地覆盖环境背景数字地面模型研究

香宝1, 刘纪远1, 张增祥2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院遥感应用研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-09-08 修回日期:2001-10-24 出版日期:2001-12-15 发布日期:2001-12-15
  • 作者简介:香宝(1965-),男(蒙古族),内蒙古通辽人,博士后、副教授。主要从事全球变化和遥感应用研 究,已发表论文20余篇。E-mail:baoxiangb@21cn.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院“国家资源环境数据库建设与数据共享研究”项目(KZCX2-308);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程主干科学计划(CX10G-E01-01-01)

A study on environmental background of East Asian land cover using digital terrain models

XIANG Bao1, LIU Ji-yuan1, ZHANG Zeng-xiang2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-09-08 Revised:2001-10-24 Online:2001-12-15 Published:2001-12-15

摘要:

应用地理信息系统、遥感技术及数字地面模型方法,选取影响东亚土地覆盖环境背景的主要因素高程带、坡度、坡向、气温、降水量、最大可能蒸散量、湿润度及植被指数等指标,在统一的投影、统一的空间分辨率、统一的空间范围等前提下,对它们进行单要素的专题数字地面模型研究,并用主成份分析方法将各单项数字地面模型进行集成,生成包含各单项要素特征的综合性的数字地面模型,最后对综合性数字地面模型所反映的东亚土地覆盖环境背景特征作了分析

关键词: 东亚, 土地覆盖, 环境背景, 数字地面模型

Abstract:

Based on methods of geographical information system and remote sensing technology, the single element's thematic digital terrain models of the elevation, aspect, slope, temperature, precipitation, maximum potential evapotranspiration, moistureand NDVI, which areintimately related to land cover environmental background in East Asia, are studied under unifiedprojection, unifiedspatial resolution and unifiedcoordination system, respectively. Then all the single elements are integrated to generate synthetic digital terrain models containing characteristics of each element by using Principle Component Analysis method. Finally, the characteristics of environmental background of land cover in East Asia reflected by the synthetic digital terrain model are analyzed. The characteristics of environmental background of land cover in East Asia are as follows: (1)The environmental background of land cover in East Asia has regularities of extention from northeast to southwest and gradation of southeast to northwest. At the same time, the distribution range of this characteristic is consistent with the range of monsoon climate area. We also found the zonal distribution of environmental background in western edge of this region is very complex. These phenomena completely incarnate the complexityof topography and climate in this area. (2)In the monsoon climate area, there exists not only the regularities of longitudinal zonality, characterized by extention from northeast to southwestand gradation from southeast to northwest, but also the regularitiesof latitudinal zonality featured by extention from east to west and gradationfrom north to south. (3)In northwest inland area including Xinjiang, northwestern part of Qinghai-xizang Plateau, western part of Inner Mongolia and southwestern part of Mongolia, a broad sense of eastern part of central Asia dominated by mountainsand basins in topography, the southeast monsoon, temperate westerly and Arctic Ocean air currents are inaccessible to reach this area, so the quality of environmental background of land cover in this area is very low. (4)In northern part of East Asia, because of flat terrain endowed with certain amount of precipitation compared with northwest inland area,the land cover environmental background condition is relatively high and has the longitudinal zonality of extention from east to west and gradationfrom south to north.

Key words: East Asia, land cover, environmental background, digital terrain models

  • F301.24