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地理研究  2002, Vol. 21 Issue (5): 617-626    DOI: 10.11821/yj2002050011
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中国世界遗产地保护与旅游需求关系
吴必虎, 李咪咪, 黄国平
北京大学旅游开发与规划研究中心,北京100871
A study on relationship of conservation and tourism demand of world heritage sites in China
WU Bi-hu, LI Mi-mi, HUANG Guo-ping
Research Center for Tourism Development and Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
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摘要 

针对目前我国世界遗产地在保护和旅游开发中的矛盾 ,从人口压力、遗产地的空间结构、区域产业结构调整压力、潜在市场需求以及世界遗产地保护的资金需求角度 ,运用空间结构、计量地理学理论以及地理信息系统、问卷调查等技术手段 ,证实中国世界遗产地面临着旅游开发的巨大需求 ,进而论证了在我国对世界遗产地加强保护的必要性

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关键词 世界遗产地保护旅游需求遗产旅游空间结构中国    
Abstract

It has been recognized for long time that there exists conflict between heritage protection and tourism development, especially in those developing countries where local governments appealed more on economic benefits from heritage tourism. Since China adopted the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Culture and Natural Heritage in 1985, 21 cultural heritages, 3 natural heritages and 4 mixed heritages have been inscribed in the list. Considering the fast development of heritage tourism in China, academic research literature is still less than hoped. What readers could find in this paper is a special relationship between demands on tourism development and need to protect World Heritage Sites (WHSs) in the country. To observe the conflict between the two sides, a comprehensive investigation and study is done with technical support of GIS, quantitative geography and other geographical analysis methods. According to the results of the research, there are many forces that enhance heritage tourism development in this most rapidly growing country of Asia, including densely populated urban market versus limited number of WHSs; closer distance between population centers and WHSs (easy access from major tourism market to WHSs); being at a special stage of industrial transforming of the country (switching from secondary industry to tertiary industry and service-oriented industry); more preferences of potential domestic tourism market; and being in a shortage of financial resources for heritage protection. Therefore, tourism development of WHSs is a natural result in current economic and social situation. Meanwhile, findings of the analysis also demonstrate that heritage protection is the most important consideration while taking them as major tourism attractions, because heavy pressure of tourism development calls for more efforts to preserve those sites. Only a well-balanceddevelopment model could maintain a sustainable development of WHSs and secure the long-term benefits.

Key wordsConservation of World Heritage Sites    tourism demand    heritage tourism    spatial structure    China
收稿日期: 2002-07-04      出版日期: 2002-10-15
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金资助项目(49771037)

作者简介: 吴必虎(1962-),男,江苏阜宁人,博士,副教授,北京大学旅游开发与规划研究中心主任。主要从 事旅游地理和区域旅游规划理论研究。著有5区域旅游规划原理6等论著。E-mail:wubihu@urban.pku.edu.cn
引用本文:   
吴必虎, 李咪咪, 黄国平. 中国世界遗产地保护与旅游需求关系[J]. 地理研究, 2002, 21(5): 617-626.
WU Bi-hu, LI Mi-mi, HUANG Guo-ping. A study on relationship of conservation and tourism demand of world heritage sites in China. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2002, 21(5): 617-626.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/yj2002050011      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V21/I5/617


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