地理研究 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 763-771.doi: 10.11821/yj2002060013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国城乡关联度评价指标体系构建及区域比较分析

曾磊1, 雷军1,2, 鲁奇1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐830011
  • 收稿日期:2002-06-10 修回日期:2002-09-18 出版日期:2002-12-15 发布日期:2002-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 研究员,博士生导师。E-mail:luq@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:曾磊(1974-),女,河北省保定市人,博士生。主要从事农村发展与土地利用研究。E-mail:zengl @igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(70173022);中科院地理科学与资源研究所创新项目(CX10G-B00-01-03)

Construction of evaluating indicator system of urban-rural interaction and the comparative analysis of regional urban-rural correlative-degree in China

ZENG Lei1, LEI Jun1,2, LU Qi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography,CAS, Urumchi 830011, China
  • Received:2002-06-10 Revised:2002-09-18 Online:2002-12-15 Published:2002-12-15

摘要:

科学评价城乡关系的发展程度和发展状况是城乡一体化研究中需要解决的关键问题。本文在分析了影响城乡融合诸多因素的基础上 ,运用层次分析法构建了一套用以反映区域城乡关系发展特征及程度的评价指标体系 ;并用此评价指标体系的综合评价值———城乡关联度对我国 31个省 (直辖市 ) 2 0 0 0年城乡关系发展状态进行了静态评价 ,评价结果比较真实地反映了城乡两大开放系统之间的要素流转情况和区域城乡关系发展的实际水平。文中对城乡关联度概念及其评价方法的提出是对城乡关系及其量化评价研究所做的有益尝试。

关键词: 城乡关系, 综合评价, 城乡关联度, 层次分析法

Abstract:

Urban-rural integration is an urbanization process suitable to Chinese conditions. For China it is a new task. The focus of research on urban-rural interaction and integration is to evaluate the status and development extent of the urban-rural relationship scientifically. Urban-rural interaction and integration means the highest stage of urbanization. Urbanization means the absolute equality between the urban areas and rural areas. This paper tries to debate and testify the predications that urban-rural integration is actually the free change of natural resources and economy and social elements between city and countryside, and the amount and speed of the exchange are decided by the correlative-degree of urban and rural areas.For a long period of time, we only used one evaluating indicator-the proportion of non-agricultural population to total population to measure the degree of urbanization. We think that is far from enough. The equality between city and countryside also includes the equality of status and other rights. So we start our tentative research based on the analysis of the representation, characterization and the influencing factors of urban-rural interaction, and the authors constructed the evaluating indicator system by AHP. The system reflected the characteristics of interaction between urban and rural areas in all aspects, which can be used in practice. By this system, the comprehensive evaluation indicator correlative-degree was used to evaluate the development level of urban-rural interaction in 31 provinces (municipalities) of China in 2000. The result of evaluation revealed the real condition of the factor's transfer between urban and rural system, and showed development level of interaction between them. The method of correlative-degree of urban-rural interaction was a valuable attempt in quantitative research of urban-rural interaction.

Key words: urban-rural relationship, comprehensive evaluation, AHP