地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 67-72.doi: 10.11821/yj2003010008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

三峡水库重庆段一级支流回水河段富营养化潜势研究

刘永明1, 贾绍凤2, 蒋良维1, 张士锋2   

  1. 1. 重庆市环境监测中心、重庆市环境科学研究院, 重庆 400020;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-07-06 修回日期:2002-09-20 出版日期:2003-02-15 发布日期:2003-02-15
  • 作者简介:刘永明(1965-),男,重庆人,1987年毕业于清华大学,重庆市环境监测中心、重庆市环境科学研 究院工程师。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所(CXIOG-B00-04);三峡移民局“三峡库区移民开发与可持续发展”课题和重庆市环境研究城环科字(96)9课题资助

A study on the impact of the Three Gorges Reservoir on potential eutrophication in backwaters of tributaries of Chongqing section of Yangtze River

LIU Yong-ming1, JIA Shao-feng2, JIANG Liang-wei1, ZHANG Shi-feng2   

  1. 1. Institute of Environmental Sciences of Chongqing Municipality Chongqing 400020, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-07-06 Revised:2002-09-20 Online:2003-02-15 Published:2003-02-15

摘要:

本文采用箱模型法分析三峡水库蓄水对重庆段主要一级支流回水河段富营养化的影响。结果表明,对于所预测的2010年以前的污染负荷水平,由于回水段平均水深达到15m左右,三峡水库重庆段主要支流回水段整体上不会出现富营养化现象;但对于水深小于1m的库岸附近,可能出现局部富营养化。根据日本国立公害研究所的富营养化指标的标准,当总磷(TP)浓度在0.05mg/L-0.11mg/L区间时,属于中-富营养。由于三峡水库一些支流回水段的TP浓度肯定超过0.05mg/L,虽然还达不到富营养的程度,但也已接近富营养化

关键词: 三峡水库, 环境影响评价, 富营养化, 重庆

Abstract:

There have already a lot of research results about the influences of the Three Gorges Reservoir on water environment in backwaters in the mainstream of the Yangtze River, but environmental impact assessment work about tributaries in the backwater area is not sufficient. Since eutrophication has occurred in many reservoirs in China, much attention should be paid to the issue that whether there will be eutriphication in the backwaters of tributaries after water storage in the Three Gorges Reservoir.Firstly, this paper estimates changes of hydraulic parameters (such as water depth, flow velocity, water surface area and water volume stored) in tributary backwaters before and after normal operation of the Three Gorges Reservoir in 2009 and predicts pollution load level (TN and TP) in 2010. And then by using Box Model,it analyses the Three Gorges Reservoir's influences on eutrophication in tributary backwaters of the Yangtze River in Chongqing section. The results show that, with average water depth of 15m in backwaters tributaries,there should be no eutrophication problem on the whole. However, it is possible for water near the bank along the reservoir with water depth under 1 meter to have the eutrophication problem in partial.A water body will subject to eutrophication of moderate level to higher level if TP concentration ranges between 0.05 mg/L and 0.11 mg/L according to standard of eutrophication indicators of Institute of National Public Hazards of Japan. Because TP concentration in backwaters of some tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir will certainly exceed 0.05 mg/L, we can also conclude that although there will be no higher level of eutrophication in tributary backwaters, there will be moderate eutrophication.

Key words: Three Gorges Reservoir, EIA, eutrophication, Chongqing

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