地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (1): 123-130.doi: 10.11821/yj2003010015

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江中游退田还湖地区农业劳动力转移特征与途径

宋金平, 张同升   

  1. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2002-06-06 修回日期:2002-09-25 出版日期:2003-02-15 发布日期:2003-02-15
  • 作者简介:宋金平(1968-),男,山东平邑人,博士,副教授。主要从事农业与乡村发展、资源开发与生态环 境保护、区域规划等方面的教学与科研工作。已发表学术论文20余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    世界自然基金会(WWF)资助项目(CN0088.02-YZ01)

A study of agricultural labor transfer characteristics and its solutions in wetlands restoration area in the middle reaches of Yangtze River

SONG Jin-ping, ZHANG Tong-sheng   

  1. Department of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2002-06-06 Revised:2002-09-25 Online:2003-02-15 Published:2003-02-15

摘要:

本文在对洞庭湖退田还湖地区实地调查的基础上,分析了退田还湖地区农业剩余劳动力的转移特征与制约因素。结果发现,该地区总体劳动力转移的比重很低,以青壮年为主,受教育程度普遍较低,不能满足城市劳务市场的需要,另外,农民外出打工就业信息不畅、成本较高也是重要的制约因素。最后针对该地区农村经济发展与劳动力的就业状况,结合国内外相关研究资料,认为农业劳动力转移途径有:调整农业内部结构与布局,挖掘农业内部就业潜力,加强农业产业化发展,对乡镇企业进行战略性调整,与小城镇建设相结合,促进农村城镇化进程,发展湿地生态旅游业,采取积极的措施,促进农业劳动力的异地转移

关键词: 退田还湖, 农业劳动力转移, 移民, 湿地旅游

Abstract:

On the basis of the field surveys organized by WWF in the wetland restoration areas of the Dongting Lake, this article analyzes the characteristics and restricted factors of agricultural labor transfer in the wetland restoration areas of the central Yangtze Valley. The results of the study are as follows: the rate of the surplus agricultural labor transfer is much lower on the whole in the investigated areas, and the outflow labor is mainly young people whose educational level is so low in general that they cannot satisfy the needs of labor markets in cities. In addition, the employment information is inadequate, the job opportunities are few, and the transfer cost for peasants is comparatively high. Those factors also restrict off-farm employment in the investigated areas. Finally, according to the situation of the rural economic development and the employment of the labor force in the investigated areas, along with relative research materials at home and abroad, the article identifies some ways for offective transfer of agricultural labor force. They are as follows: to adjust internal agricultural structure and allocation in the lake areas, exploiting the employment potential within the agriculture; to strengthen the development of agricultural industrialization; to adjust the development direction of the township enterprises strategically, combining with the construction of town- and township-run enterprises; to speed up the process of rural urbanization; to develop the eco-tourism of the wetlands; and thus to take active measures to drive the surplus agricultural labor force to other places.

Key words: wetlands restoration, agricultural labor transfer, transfer inhabitant, wetland tourism

  • F329.9