地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (2): 133-139.doi: 10.11821/yj2003020001

• 论文 •    下一篇

黄秉维地理学术思想及其实践——纪念黄秉维院士诞辰九十周年

郑度, 杨勤业, 顾钟熊   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-12-08 修回日期:2003-01-15 出版日期:2003-04-15 发布日期:2003-04-15
  • 作者简介:郑度(1936-),男,广东揭西人。博士生导师,中国科学院院士。主要从事自然地理综合研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40171040)

Academician HUANG Bing-wei’s geographical academic thought and its application —in commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the birth of HUANG Bing-wei

ZHENG Du, YANG Qin ye, GU Zhong xiong   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-12-08 Revised:2003-01-15 Online:2003-04-15 Published:2003-04-15

摘要:

在中国现代地理学的历程中,黄秉维院士为推动我国现代地理学的发展,促进地理学研究水平的提高,作出了卓越贡献。黄秉维地理学术思想突出地理学学科的基础性,始终抓住地理学综合性和区域性的特点,不断开拓并指导地理学的许多综合工作。他强调地理学服务于经济建设的战略性与实践性,重视理论与实践相结合,主张地理学要为农业服务,面向生产实践;他积极引入新思想、新技术和新方法,以创新思维推动地理学的深化研究,开拓了实验地理学研究的新方向;他密切注视国际地理学研究的动向和趋势,提倡自然科学与社会科学间的交叉,重视全球环境变化及其影响以及中国区域可持续发展的研究;他提出以陆地系统科学为地理学发展的战略方向,具有鲜明的前瞻性。黄秉维地理学术思想和研究实践,是中国现代地理学的宝贵财富,将继续指引中国地理学的创新与发展,为中国的现代化建设和人类家园的美好未来做出积极的贡献

关键词: 黄秉维, 地理学术思想

Abstract:

In the process of modern geography in China, Prof.HUANG Bing wei, with his profound wisdom and diligent work, made outstanding contributions to the promotion of the development of modern geography and improvement of the research level of geography. The core of the geographical academic thought of Prof. HUANG is to emphasize the basis of geographic subject. Prof.HUANG regarded the integration and regionality as the main characteristic of geography, exploiting and instructing the geographical integrating works,such as the integrated physicographical regionalization in China and the integrated research on natural process of the earth surface, etc. Prof.HUANG emphasized the stratagem of geography in terms of service and and construction and thought much of the combination of theory with practice. He advocated that geography should serve agriculture and be geared to the construction practices. Prof. HUANG always paid much attention to the problems of soil erosion and conservation in the middle reaches of the Yellow River, water conservancy and agricultural development in North China and the sloping farmland improvement and utilization in South China. He actively introduced new thought, new technique and new methods. He promoted the deep research of geography and exploited the direction of experimental geography with his innovative thought. He watched closely the international research direction and trend and advocated the cross between the natural science and social science. He thought much of the global environment change and its impacts and the research on the regional sustainable development in China. He brought forward the view that the terrestrial system science is the strategic direction of geographical development, which is a notable indicative. Prof. HUANG Bing wei's geographical academic thought and research practice is the invaluable fortune of modern geography in China, which will keep on directing the development of geography and make positive contributions to the Chinese modernization construction and the prospects of people's homeland.

Key words: Academician HUANG Bing wei, geographical academic thought

  • K90-06