地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 297-304.doi: 10.11821/yj2003030005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海洋油气资源开发与国家石油安全战略对策

张耀光, 刘岩, 李春平, 董丽晶   

  1. 教育部人文社科基地, 辽宁师范大学海洋经济可持续发展研究中心, 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2002-10-18 修回日期:2003-03-28 出版日期:2003-06-15 发布日期:2003-06-15
  • 作者简介:张耀光(1934-),男,上海市人,教授。从事海洋人文、经济地理与海岛开发规划研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49871024);教育部高等学校人文社会科学重点研究基地基金资助

The exploitation of marine oil and gas resources and the tactic countermeasures of petroleum in China

ZHANG Yao guang, LIU Yan, LI Chun ping, DONG Li jing   

  1. Base for Human Social Science of Ministry of Education, Center for Studies on Sustainable Development of the Marine Economy, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2002-10-18 Revised:2003-03-28 Online:2003-06-15 Published:2003-06-15

摘要:

石油是中国能源安全的核心问题,随着我国石油供应对外依赖程度的增大,石油安全问题越来越突出,将会成为我国21世纪经济、社会可持续发展面临的一个重要问题。我国是海洋油气资源丰富的国家,广阔的海域中分布着近100×104km2的含油沉积盆地,近海石油资源量为240×108t,天然气资源量为140×1012m3。海洋油气资源的开发利用,将能部分解决我国油气资源进口数量。本文讨论了解决石油安全的四种模式,对我国油气安全的国际和国内条件进行了分析,提出了解决我国油气安全的战略对策。

关键词: 石油安全, 海洋油气资源开发, 安全模式, 战略, 对策

Abstract:

In China, petroleum is the very core of the subject on the energy security With the argument of the external dependence degree of petroleum accommodation, the problem of petroleum security becomes more and more prominent It will be an important problem of the sustainable development of economy and society in the 21st century in China China is a country which is richin marine oil and gas resources There are nearly 100×104 km2 oil bearing sedimentary basins, 240×108t offshore oil resources, 14 0×1012m3 natural gas resources, 12×108t geological reserves of oil and 2350×108m3 natural gas in the vast maritime space The exploition and utilization of marine oil and gas resources can partly solve the quantity of import on oil and gas resources This article discusses some patterns of security such as self supported security,exoteric security,substitute security and developing abroad pattern and so on And the connotation and conditions of developing abroad pattern are discussed particularly The international and domestic conditions on petroleum security and natural gas security are analyzed At the same time, the tactic countermeasures on how to solve the problem of oil and natural gas are put forward:(1)to quicken the prospection of oil and gas resources of land and sea, increase geologic reserves and proven exploitable reserves of oil and gas;(2)to establish national petrolic tactic repertory and the repertory bases quickly; (3)to improve international environment of the neighbouring countries and import oil and gas resources from abroad which serve as a channel for developing multiple import in the future;(4)to raise the position of natural gas in the structure of energy resources, the ratio of replacing petroleum with gas is added;and (5)to quicken the pace of constructing imported crude oil transportation guarantee syetem import petroleum

Key words: petroleum security, the exploition of marine oil and gas, the pattern of security, tactic countermeasure

PACS: 

  • F407.22