地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 324-334.doi: 10.11821/yj2003030008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论都市郊区游憩景观规划与景观生态保护——以北京市郊区游憩景观规划为例

王云才   

  1. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院风景科学与旅游系, 上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2003-01-10 修回日期:2003-03-27 出版日期:2003-06-15 发布日期:2003-06-15
  • 作者简介:王云才(1967-),男,陕西勉县人,副教授,博士。主要从事景观规划与设计、旅游规划与设计和区 域可持续发展与乡村区域发展等领域研究。发表研究论文70篇。联系电话:021-65118363,Email: gongxh@tjce.tongji.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项(7987001)

The study on recreation-scape planning and landscape ecological protection of urban-rural fringe:a typical case study of Beijing

WANG Yun cai   

  1. Department of Landscape Architecture and Tourism, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2003-01-10 Revised:2003-03-27 Online:2003-06-15 Published:2003-06-15

摘要:

城市化是我国21世纪经济社会全面发展的重要推动力量,城乡一体化整合发展是城市化发展的战略主题。面向都市圈的游憩产业和游憩景观成为郊区发展中最活跃的经济成分和景观要素。科学合理地利用郊区开放空间和进行游憩景观规划对保护都市圈景观生态环境具有重要意义。本文以北京市郊区为例,在典型研究郊区景观利用与景观生态破坏和定量评价景观行为相容度的基础上,论述了都市郊区景观开发与游憩景观规划的规律、游憩景观区域规划和乡村游憩景观规划,并提出了建设北京市郊区完善的游憩景观体系和景观生态保护的具体措施。

关键词: 都市郊区, 开放空间, 游憩景观规划, 景观生态保护, 北京市

Abstract:

Urbanization is the important force to ignite economic and social development of China in the future; rural urban integrating development is a strategic theme of urbanization The recreational industry and recreation scape have been developed into the most active economic sector and landscape factors It is meaningful to protect landscape and environment with scientific and rational means of open space and allocation of recreation scape Combined with the existing situations of Beijing, firstly this paper studies the developing characteristics and threats to landscape among Hancunhe, Zhoukoudian, Shijiaying and Puwa Secondly, this paper studies the landscape compatibility quantitatively of Beijing urban fringe: (1)the compatibility of landscape of Beijing urban fringe is not so high and just at level of 0 22, among it all compatible behaviors are about 3%, comparative compatible behaviors are about 9%, moderate compatible behaviors are 12%, less compatible behaviors are 13%, least compatible behaviors are 16% and incompatible behaviors are 47%; (2) according to industrial economics, the compatibility of agriculture is 0 03, mineral manufacturing is 0 0102, manufacture is 0 0083, constructions is 0 0406, tourism is 0 0958 and services is 0 0272; (3)the compatibility of typical areas of Hancunhe, Shijiaying and Puwa is separately 0 2315, 0 201 and 0 1805 Based on the evaluation of compatibility of Beijing urban fringe, this paper further discusses laws of recreation scape planning, recreation scape regional planning and rural tourism planning Fourthly,it divides the urban fringe into the belt of urban tourism near the city, the belt of the mass tourism, eco tourism landscape region, landscape ecological restoration region, wild area and special protection region Fifthly,this paper also classifies the rural recreationscape into three circles and eight tourism corridors etc At last this paper gives several specific countermeasures to protect ecosystem and landscape of urban rural fringe

Key words: urban rural fringe, open space, recreation scape planning, landscape ecology protection, Beijing

  • F592.99