地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 343-348.doi: 10.11821/yj2003030010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

1736~1999年西安与汉中地区年冬季平均气温序列重建

郑景云, 葛全胜, 郝志新, 田砚宇   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-10-08 修回日期:2003-01-24 出版日期:2003-06-15 发布日期:2003-06-15
  • 作者简介:郑景云(1966-),男,福建莆田人,副研究员。主要从事历史气候与全球变化研究。E-mail:zhengjy@ igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学青年基金(49901001);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2314);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新前沿领域项目(CXIOGA0002)

Reconstruction of winter mean temperature series from 1736 to 1999 in Xi'an and Hanzhong

ZHENG Jing yun, GE Quan sheng, HAO Zhi xin, TIAN Yan yu   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-10-08 Revised:2003-01-24 Online:2003-06-15 Published:2003-06-15

摘要:

基于现代气象资料所建立的西安、汉中地区冬季降雪天数与年冬季平均气温之间的相关关系,根据清代档案所记载的西安与汉中地区冬季降雪日数,恢复了西安与汉中地区1736~1910年的年冬季平均气温,重建了1736~1999年西安与汉中地区年冬季平均气温序列。序列分析表明,这两个地区年冬季平均气温变化趋势一致:18世纪和20世纪为暖期,19世纪为冷期,且20世纪的增暖趋势明显。与利用树轮重建的镇安初春(3~4月)温度序列对比分析表明:西安、汉中地区冬季平均气温与镇安初春温度的低频变化趋势基本一致,但镇安较西安与汉中有明显的位相提前。

关键词: 西安, 汉中, 降雪日数, 年冬季平均气温序列

Abstract:

Based on the relationship between annual winter mean temperature and snowfall days which was established according to the meteorological observation data in the Xi'an and Hanzhong areas, the snowfall days for Xi'an and Hanzhong areas derived from historical archives in the Qing Dynasty, the annual winter mean temperature in Xi'an and Hanzhong areas from 1736 to 1910 A D. was calculated, and the annual winter mean temperature series since 1736 A D was reconstructed The analysis of series shows that there existed a general consistency change trend for the two areas The climate is relatively warm in the 18th and 20th centuries and cold in the 19th century Warming trend in the 20th century is obvious During the warm period of the 18th century, the mean temperature appeared a short term valley of cold around 1775 In the 19th century, it entered a cold stage that finished in the early 20th century There were 3 valleys during this period, which centered in 1830, 1860 and 1890 respectively Since the early 20th century, the climate entered a warm period again There are 2 obvious warm peaks in the 1930's~1940's and after the 1980's, the latter is not completed yet until now Both of the 20th warming peaks exceed the warm level of the 18th century, and the warming degree of Hanzhong is more obvious Seen overall, the winter mean temperature of Xi'an in the 20th century tends to rise with fluctuation This ascending trend is more obvious since the late 1970's particularly Besides, the period with minimum variance of the series is the 18th century As for the adjacent periods, variance of cold period is obviously higher than that of warm period, which generally consists with the early conclusion that climate has great instability in cold periods and the stages from cold to warm At the same time, the comparison between the annual winter mean temperature series in Xi'an, Hanzhong and the annual early spring (from March to April) temperature series in Zhen'an reconstructed by tree ring data was analyzed The result shows that low frequency change trend of annual winter mean temperature in Xi'an, Hanzhong and early spring temperature in Zhen'an are generally consistent, but the turning points in Zhen'an are earlier than that of Xi'an and Hanzhong

Key words: Xi’an, Hanzhong, snowfall days, annual winter mean temperature series

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