地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 495-502.doi: 10.11821/yj2003040011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城乡关联发展评价模型系统构建——以山东省为例

战金艳, 鲁奇, 邓祥征   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-12-05 修回日期:2003-03-25 出版日期:2003-08-15 发布日期:2003-08-15
  • 作者简介:战金艳(1974-),女,山东潍坊人,博士。主要研究方向为城乡关系。E-mail:zhanjy@lreis.ac.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(70173022);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新项目(CX10GB00-0103)

Construction of urban-rural interaction evaluation model and its application in Shandong Province

ZHAN Jin-yan, LU Qi, DENG Xiang-zheng   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-12-05 Revised:2003-03-25 Online:2003-08-15 Published:2003-08-15

摘要:

本文分析了城乡关联水平的系统架构,并在此基础上,依据整体性、科学性、层次性和可操作性相结合的原则,建立了城乡关联水平评价模型,通过对山东省的实证研究,得出了较有价值的结论。研究表明:城乡协调发展是一个地域社会经济过程,是区域内城乡要素优化组合、城乡关联度、融合度日益提高的过程,其本质是城乡的联系程度,因此,运用城乡关联发展理念及其指标体系,就城乡发展水平进行评估,这对于实现城乡发展水平区域差异的空间表达、把握城乡协调的过程与阶段性、制定区域发展规划乃至实施城市化发展的宏观调控都有积极的现实意义。

关键词: 城乡关联水平, 空间格局, 模型

Abstract:

Urban-rural development has always been illustrated as the interaction relationship, represented by the free flow of population, commodities, capital and information between urban and rural areas, which, in some sense, guarantee the effective and efficient uses of resources in urban and rural areas. The urban-rural interaction should not be understood as a process of urbanization for rural areas or that of counter-urbanization for metropolis, rather, it is as a process of joint development, represented by the exchange of materials and energy, for the urban and rural areas. The joint development of urban and rural areas depends on the increase of capital investment for infrastructures mainly covering transportation, telecommunication, education, medical facilities and welfare. Since the industrial reformation, convenient telecommunication, transportation has directly accelerated the intercommunications; indirectly boosted the flow of commodities between urban and rural areas, which has significantly affected the urban-rural interaction. Improved education, medical facilities and society welfare infrastructure serving as the foundation for the joint development of urban and rural areas, together with the equal rights and change for villagers or citizens in education and society welfares, guarantees the urban-rural interaction and integration. This paper gives out a comparatively precise definition of urban-rural interaction. Based on the anterior models,the authors construct a new urban-rural interaction model. To be validated, the model is applied in Shandong province, and its result is acceptable. It was made clear that the concerted development of urban and rural areas is a process of regional social-economic development and it's the re-organization of regional urban and rural factors. Essentially speaking, urban-rural interaction is the degree of urban-rural inter-relationship. The construction of urban-rural interaction model will be helpful for the spatial description of urban and rural relationship, the formulation of regional plan and the development of regional urbanization.

Key words: urban-rural interaction, spatial pattern, model

  • K901.8