地理研究 ›› 2003, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 742-750.doi: 10.11821/yj2003060009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

南京幕燕山地森林植被恢复重建研究

赵清1,2, 丁登山1, 阎传海2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 南京 210008;
    2. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院, 江苏徐州 221009
  • 收稿日期:2003-05-12 修回日期:2003-08-28 出版日期:2003-12-15 发布日期:2003-12-15
  • 作者简介:赵清(1965-),男,江苏盐城市人,副教授,南京大学城市与资源学系自然地理专业博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:

    南京市规划局“幕燕风景区总体规划”资助项目;南京市建委“幕燕风景区绿化和林相改造规划”资助项目

Restoration and reconstruction of the forest vegetation in the Mufushan-Yanziji Mountains,Nanjing

ZHAO Qing1,2, DING Deng shan1, YAN Chuan hai2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China
  • Received:2003-05-12 Revised:2003-08-28 Online:2003-12-15 Published:2003-12-15

摘要:

在大量野外工作的基础上,借助AutoCAD技术,运用植被生态学、恢复生态学的原理与方法,对幕燕山地森林植被的恢复与重建进行了研究。建立了幕燕山地植被分类系统,包括3个植被型组、5个植被型、5个植被亚型、8个群系组、12个群系,绘制了幕燕山地1∶5000植被群系图,计算了幕燕山地各群系的面积。分析了南京地区山地森林植被10个主要群系(青冈+栓皮栎林,枫香林,白栎林,栓皮栎林,麻栎林,黄连木+黄檀林,朴树+构树林,刺槐林,马尾松林,黑松林)间的演替关系,构建了南京地区森林植被次生演替模式。根据上述研究结果,提出了幕燕山地森林植被恢复重建的关键措施,预测了上述措施实施后幕燕山地植被类型构成的变化,并绘制了幕燕山地森林植被恢复重建规划图(1∶5000)。

关键词: 森林植被, 恢复重建, 幕燕山地, 南京

Abstract:

Based on field survey, AutoCAD technology, principles and methods of vegetation ecology and restoration ecology, the following problems about restoration and reconstruction of the forest vegetation of Mufushan Yanziji Mountains in Nanjing are studied: (1) According to the principle and system of Chinese Vegetation , the vegetation of Mu Yan Mts is classified, including 3 vegetation type groups, 5 vegetation types, 5 vegetation subtypes, 8 formation groups and 12 formations The 12 formations are: Pinus thunbergii forest, Platycladus orientalis forest, Pinus massoniana forest, Quercus fabri forest, Quercus acutissima forest, Broussonetia papyrifera forest, Celtis sinensis forest, Pteroceltis tatarinowii forest, Robinia pseudoacacia forest, Phyllostachy pubescens forest, Celtis sinensis + Paliurus hemsleyana + Spirea chinensis shrub, and Broussonetia papyrifera shrub (2) The map (1:5000) of the vegetation formations of Mu Yan Mts is compiled, and the areas of the formations are calculated (3) There are mainly 10 forest formations in Nanjing, i e , Cyclobalanopsis glacuca + Quercus variabilis forest, Liquidambar formosana forest, Quercus fabri forest, Quercus variabilis forest, Quercus acutissima forest, Pistacia chinensis + Dalbergia hupeana forest, Celtis sinensis + Broussonetia papyrifera forest, Robinia pseudoacacia forest, Pinus massoniana forest and Pinus thunbergii forest The successional relationships among the 10 formations are analyzed, and the secondary succession model of the forest vegetation in Nanjing is established (4)According to the above research results, the measures for restoration and reconstruction of the forest vegetation of Mu Yan Mt are proposed, the changes of the vegetation type composition are predicted after the measures are put into effect, and the restoration and reconstruction planning map (1:5000) of the vegetation types of Mu Yan Mt is made

Key words: forest vegetation, restoration and reconstruction, Mu Yan Mountains, Nanjing

  • Q948.2