地理研究 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (3): 395-402.doi: 10.11821/yj2004030013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

风景名胜区规划方案的层次分析法与熵技术评价

徐菲菲1,2, 刘沛林3,4, 白先春5,6, 宋平2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210003;
    2. 衡阳师范学院旅游管理系,衡阳421000;
    3. 南京财经大学统计系,南京210093;
    4. 南京财经大学旅游系 南京210093;
    5. 湖南大学经济研究中心,长沙410079;
    6. 河海大学经济学院,南京,210097
  • 收稿日期:2003-11-10 修回日期:2004-01-31 出版日期:2004-06-15 发布日期:2004-06-15
  • 作者简介:徐菲菲(1974-),女,江苏南京人,博士生,南京财经大学讲师。从事旅游开发与规划方向研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40171022);湖南省教育厅重点项目(03A008)

Applying “entropy technology based on AHP&rdquo|to scenic spots planning evaluation

XU Fei fei1,2, LIU Pei lin3,4, BAI Xian chun5,6, SONG Ping2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban &|Resources Science, Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Tourism Department, Nanjing University of Economics,Nanjing 210003, China;
    3. Department of Tourism Management, Hengyang Normal College,Hengyang 421000, China;
    4. Economic Center, Hunan Univeristy,Changsha 410079, China;
    5. Department of Statistics, Nanjing University of Economics,Nanjing 210003, China;
    6. Economic College, Hohai University, Nanjing 210097,China
  • Received:2003-11-10 Revised:2004-01-31 Online:2004-06-15 Published:2004-06-15

摘要:

当前我国风景名胜区规划方案的评价 ,基本上都是以定性评价为主 ,评价结果难免带有较大的随意性。如何使风景名胜区规划评审更具科学性和客观性 ,引入定量评估方法和决策模型尤显重要。本文提出将层次分析法与决策中的熵技术结合 ,建立层次熵决策模型 ,由层次分析法确定各评价指标权重 ,用熵技术对所得权重进行修正 ,进一步计算各方案到理想点的距离 ,最终从多方案中选择最佳方案。并以南京幕燕风景名胜区的总体规划方案为例进行了实证研究

关键词: 层次分析法, 熵技术, 决策模型, 规划方案, 风景名胜区

Abstract:

With the development of tourism industry and the exploitation of tourism resources, tourism planning is becoming more and more important in China, and has been identified as a focus of research. However, as it is a relatively new technology, it still lacks systematic analysis on theory, technology, implementation and monitoring, especially on the evaluation technology And the evaluation of tourism planning is actually an important part of tourism planning theory, a high consideration should be given to this point Now in China, most of the evaluations on scenic spot planning are qualitative analysis,with evaluation result being inevitably arbitrary How to solve the problems of evaluating on Master Plan of Scenic Spots through quantitative analysis and decision making in order to select a most suitable plan from multiple choices has become particularly essential This paper set up an "entropy technology based on AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process)" evaluation model for scenic spot planning First, the weights of each index were obtained through "AHP" method, they were then modified by "entropy" technology, and finally the distance from each plan to the ideal point was evaluated Through this process, we could evaluate which plan is the best with the shortest distance to the ideal point Through three aspects of work, namely, economic evaluation, technological evaluation and environmental evaluation, this paper set up an evaluation index system for scenic spot planning based on 13 indexes chosen Taking Muyan Scenic Spot in Nanjing of Jiangsu as an example, this paper applied the model into the evaluation process, and the result is consistent with the actual evaluation result, indicating the reliability and practicability of the model The "entropy technology based on AHP" evaluation model could turn the qualitative evaluation process into the quantitative process, which provides an opportunity for an objective and a righteous judgment among several plans The authors also pointed out that the limitation of this model is that the index in the model would verify with the characteristic difference of scenic spots,and the parameters may also change in different scenic spots Anyway, this model is a useful exploration means for the scientific, standardized and quantitative evaluation of scenic spots and tourism planning

Key words: Analysis-Hierarchy-Process, entropy technology, decision-making model, master plan, scenic spot