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地理研究  2005, Vol. 24 Issue (1): 57-68    DOI: 10.11821/yj2005010007
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中国区域经济差异的时空尺度分析
徐建华1,2, 鲁凤1, 苏方林1,3, 卢艳4
1. 华东师范大学教育部地理信息科学重点实验室, 上海 200062;
2. 广西师范大学经济系, 桂林 541001;
3. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
4. 郑州大学环境与水利学院, 郑州 450002
Spatial and temporal scale analysis on the regional economic disparities in China
XU Jian-hua1,2, LU Feng1, SU Fang-lin1,3, LU Yan4
1. The Key Lab of GIScience of the Ministry Education of, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
3. Department of Economics, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001, China;
4. School of Environment &|Water Conservancy, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450002, China
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摘要 

运用多阶段Theil系数嵌套分解法和小波分析法,从空间尺度和时间尺度两个方面研究中国区域经济差异问题。基本结论是:从省级行政区域单元来看,东部省际之间差异的变化趋势和全国的变化趋势基本是一致的,中部和西部省际之间的差异一直相对较小,而且变化趋势较为缓慢,但是三大地带之间差异一直在增大。从地级行政区域单元来看,省内差异是全国整体差异的重要构成部分,省内差异对于全国整体差异的贡献比三大地带之间差异和省际差异的贡献显著得多。从时间尺度来看,在大时间尺度(譬如24年)水平上,中国区域经济差异的变化过程,基本上服从“倒U型”曲线规律,但是小时间尺度(譬如23年或22年)水平上来看,则呈现为一条由几个倒U与U型曲线首尾相接的“复合倒U型曲线”。

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关键词 区域经济差异Theil系数小波分析中国    
Abstract

By using the multi-stage nested Theil decomposition method and the wavelet analysis of the Theil index sequence, this paper studies the spatial and temporal scales of regional economic disparities in China from 1952 to 2000. The main conclusions are: (1) the regional economic disparities in China, including the disparities within-province, between-provinces, within-region (the eastern, central and western regions) and between-regions, have existed since 1952. (2) The first stage decomposition of Theil index shows that the dynamic trend of disparity in the eastern region is consistent with that of whole China. The disparity in the central and western regions remains small, and the evolution is rather slow. The disparity between the three regions has been continuously increasing. (3) The second stage decomposition of Theil index reveals that the within-province disparities is the most significant component of all in the overall regional inequalities, which is more significant than that of the between-province and between-region disparities components, constituting the important part of the overall regional inequalities. In addition, the influence of within-province disparities in the eastern region on the overall regional inequalities is more significant than that of in the other two regions, and, the influence in the western region is more significant than that of in the central region. (4) Based on the decomposition and approximation of Theil index sequence using wavelets by different time scales, we elicit a conclusion that the evolutionary process of regional economic disparity in China is not a simple inverted U-shaped pattern but a compound of several U-shaped patterns. The result tells us the evolutionary process of regional economic disparity in China does follow the inverted U-shaped patterns a time scale of 16 years. That is to say that the regional inequality tends to rise in the first stage of economic development, and falls slowly over the peak in the second stage of economic development. However, if we shorten the time scale to 8 or 4 years, then a link of several U shaped patterns will appear.

Key wordsregional economic disparity    Theil index    wavelet analysis    China
收稿日期: 2004-03-24      出版日期: 2005-02-15
基金资助:

国家社会科学基金资助项目(03BJL027);国家自然科学基金资助项目(40371092)

作者简介: 徐建华(1965-);男,教授、博士生导师。主要从事地理计算(Geocomputation)与区域经济方面的科 研和教学工作,出版教材、专著10部,发表学术论文100余篇。E-mail:jhxu@geo.ecnu.edu.cn.
引用本文:   
徐建华, 鲁凤, 苏方林, 卢艳. 中国区域经济差异的时空尺度分析[J]. 地理研究, 2005, 24(1): 57-68.
XU Jian-hua, LU Feng, SU Fang-lin, LU Yan. Spatial and temporal scale analysis on the regional economic disparities in China. GEOGRAPHICAL RESEARCH, 2005, 24(1): 57-68.
链接本文:  
http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/10.11821/yj2005010007      或      http://www.dlyj.ac.cn/CN/Y2005/V24/I1/57


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