地理研究 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 105-112.doi: 10.11821/yj2005010012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

莱州湾南岸咸水入侵区晚更新世以来的古环境演变

张祖陆1, 聂晓红1, 刘恩峰2,3, 辛良杰1   

  1. 1. 山东师范大学地理系, 济南 250014;
    2. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2004-02-17 修回日期:2004-08-23 出版日期:2005-02-15 发布日期:2005-02-15
  • 作者简介:张祖陆(1949-),男,上海市嘉定人,教授,博士生导师。主要从事环境变化与灾害方面研究。 Emai:lzulzhang@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49871011);教育部社会科学规划项目(01JD790012);山东省自然科学基金重点资助项目(Z2000E01);中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所知识创新项目(cxniglasA0205)

The accumulation records of environmental evolution on the salt-water intruded area south of Laizhou Bay since late Pleistocene

ZHANG Zu-lu1, NIE Xiao-hong1, LIU En-feng2,3, XIN Liang-jie1   

  1. 1. Geography Department of Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China;
    2. Nanjing Institute of Geography &|Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    3. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2004-02-17 Revised:2004-08-23 Online:2005-02-15 Published:2005-02-15

摘要:

莱州湾南岸是我国典型的咸水入侵区,古环境变化构成了现代咸水入侵发生的背景。本文通过对潍河下游地区A1、A5孔岩芯系统的孢粉、有孔虫、粒度、14C及热释光测年资料的分析,结合100余个钻孔的沉积特征,论述了莱州湾南岸地区晚更新世以来的古环境演化特征。本区经历了三次明显的冷暖气候波动,三次显著的暖湿期为85~76kaBP、50~24kaBP、10~4kaBP,为海陆过渡相沉积环境,这三个时期分别与晚更新以来的三次海侵相对应,与相邻区域相比,全新世海侵开始早、结束晚;两次冷干期为76~50kaBP、24~10kaBP,分别对应于早大理冰期、晚大理冰期,为陆相沉积环境。

关键词: 莱州湾南岸, 晚更新世, 古环境演化, 沉积学特征, 咸水入侵

Abstract:

The south coastal plain of Laizhou Bay is one of the typical salt-water intruded areas, whose occurrence and development have a close relation with the environmental evolution since late Pleistocene. This paper deals mainly with the systematic palynological, microfossil, granularity research and 14C dating on more than 29 samples from a column core with a depth of 29m of core A1 for the purpose of revealing the characteristics of paleoenvironmental evolution since late Pleistocene.According to the systematic study, 7 phases of the paleo-climate fluctuations and paleo-vegetation successions since late Pleistocene are identified. And 7 climate periods can be listed in the ascending order for the convenience of correlation: ①120-85kaBP, the analysis of spores,pollens and sediments shows that the then climate evolved from cold into warm and a little dry gradually;②85~76kaBP,obvious manifold pteridophyte and exiguous granularity of sediments showed a local humid environment with swamps and lakes developed in the lower reaches of the Weihe River; ③76~50kaBP,equal to the secondary Ice Age of Dali, characterized by grassland vegetation type with conifer in domination, and coarse sediments showed a barren terrestrial environment;④50~24kaBP,cold,wet-resistant hydrophyte such as bulrush lived on the coastal wetlands where the sea interacted with rivers, being a littoral environment; ⑤24~10kaBP,the worst period of Quaternary natural environment, the south coastal plain of Laizhou Bay was dry grassland and loess deposition environment; ⑥10~4kaBP,owing to the warm and wet weather, sea level was high and transgression occurred; the local marine-deposited stratum embodied exuberant hydrophyte and aquatic plants. The maximal transgression of Holocene ended at 4kaBP;⑦4~0kaBP,the modern sedimentary environment which inclines to dry. Three warm and wet periods and two cold periods can be found. Of which, the warm period of 85-76 kaBP is corresponded with the late Yangkou seawater transgression and there is no evidence of early Yangkou seawater transgression, the warm period of 50-24kaBP is corresponded with the Guangrao seawater transgression and the warm period of 10-4kaBP is corresponded with Kenli seawater transgression, the duration of the latter one is longer than Bohai and east of Laizhou Bay. The three periods formed the foundation for the salt-water intrusion in this area.

Key words: south of Laizhou Bay, late Pleistocene, paleoenvironmental evolution, the accumulation records, salt-water intrusion