地理研究 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 394-402.doi: 10.11821/yj2005030008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北方草原区主要群落类型表土花粉分析

许清海1, 李月丛2, 阳小兰3, 郑振华3   

  1. 1. 河北师范大学资源与环境学院, 石家庄 050016;
    2. 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所, 北京 100029;
    3. 河北省地理科学研究所, 石家庄 050011
  • 收稿日期:2004-05-08 修回日期:2004-09-26 出版日期:2005-06-15 发布日期:2005-06-15
  • 作者简介:许清海(1951-),男,河北石家庄人,研究员。主要从事孢粉与第四纪环境研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技部重大基础研究前期研究专项(2003CCA01800);国家自然科学重点基金(40331011);国家自然科学基金(40171095);河北省自然科学基金(402615)资助项目

Study on surface pollen of major steppe communities in northern China

XU Qing-hai1, LI Yue-cong2, YANG Xiao-lan3, ZHENG Zhen-hua3   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050016, China;
    2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China;
    3. Hebei Institute of Geography, Shijiazhuang 050011, China
  • Received:2004-05-08 Revised:2004-09-26 Online:2005-06-15 Published:2005-06-15

摘要:

建立花粉与现代植被的关系是利用地层沉积物中的花粉记录恢复古植被、古气候研究的基础工作之一。中国北方草原区39个表土花粉研究表明,蒿属、藜科是草原区花粉组合的主要成分,以禾本科为建群种的草原群落花粉组合以蒿属花粉为主,禾本科花粉多低于10%。禾本科花粉的低代表性可能与其分蘖繁殖、花粉产量低有关。草原区表土花粉浓度与植被盖度相关不明显。典型草原与荒漠草原花粉组合存在着明显的区别,典型草原区藜科花粉百分比一般低于25%,荒漠草原区一般高于25%。DCA分析表明,草原区针叶树、莎草科、石竹科花粉代表较湿润的环境,蒿、藜科、锦鸡儿、柽柳、白刺花粉代表较干燥的环境,阔叶树、禾本科、菊科、毛茛科、蓼科、豆科、唇形科(百里香)、虎榛子+榛、蔷薇科花粉代表的环境介于前两组之间。DCA分析用于草原区花粉组合研究具有较好的环境指示意义。

关键词: 荒漠草原, 典型草原, 花粉组合, DCA分析

Abstract:

It is an essential work to survey the relationships between pollen and vegetation for recovering past vegetation and climate from pollen data preserved in sediments. The pollen analysis of 39 sites covering various types of steppe in northern China shows that Artemisia and Chenopodiaceae are the most important pollen types. Artemisia is the dominant taxa of most pollen assemblages, however, the percentages of Gramineae are less than 10% in most steppes. The low Gramineae pollen value may relate with its tillering reproduction. There is no obvious correlation between pollen total concentrations and vegetation covers. The differences between typical steppe and desert steppe are obvious. Chenopodiaceae pollen percentages are usually less than 25% in typical steppes and more than 25% in desert steppes. Detrended Corresponding Analysis (DCA) shows that pollen types of needle trees, Cyperaceae and Caryophyllaceae represent a wetter environmental condition, pollen types of Artemisia, Chenopodiaceae, Caragana, Tamarix and Nitraria represent a drier environmental condition, and pollen types of Gramineae, Compositae, Ranunculaceae, Leguminosae, Labiatae, Ostryopsis+Corylus and Rosaceae represent a transitional environmental condition between the two. DCA is a good method to distinguish different steppe communities in the study of steppe surface pollens.

Key words: desert steppe, typical steppe, pollen assemblages, DCA