地理研究 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 935-946.doi: 10.11821/yj2005060013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域地理系统单元等级圆锥建模

鲁学军1, 张洪岩2, 高志强1, 裴韬1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院, 长春 130024
  • 收稿日期:2005-03-08 修回日期:2005-07-20 出版日期:2005-12-15 发布日期:2005-12-15
  • 作者简介:鲁学军(1964-),男,研究员。主要从事地理空间认知、建模、科学计算与3S教育研究。 Email:luxj@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40071069,40341011)

The research on the unit hierarchical taper of regional geographic system

LU Xue-jun1, ZHANG Hong-yan2, GAO Zhi-qiang1, PEI Tao1   

  1. 1. LREIS, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2005-03-08 Revised:2005-07-20 Online:2005-12-15 Published:2005-12-15

摘要:

本文基于S.Beer空间分辨率圆锥,应用等级体系理论,结合地理学有关研究成果,探讨建立一种具有尺度单元结构性质的区域地理系统模型———区域地理系统单元等级圆锥。研究认为,区域地理系统单元等级圆锥由地理最小结构单元、地理基本功能单元、地理景观单元、地理景观类型单元与地理景观类型组合单元组成,它们分别实现地理学“最小空间粒度划分”、“基本空间过程分析”、“空间过程共轭分析”、“类型划分”与“类型间相互作用”的研究方法,分别体现地理学“还原分析”、“过程分析”“整体分析”、“类型分析”与“综合分析”的研究思想。

关键词: 区域地理系统, 区域地理系统单元等级圆锥, 地理计算方法论

Abstract:

Based on S.Beer's "spatial resolution taper",applied hierarchical system theory and combined with present research result of hierarchical system,the article tried to set up "the unit hierarchical taper of regional geographic system",a kind of regional geographic system model which is a scale-unit structure.The article analyzed the structural relationship and unit constitute of the taper.The research result showed that "the unit hierarchical taper of regional geographic system" is made up of the following units: the unit of geographic minimum structure,the unit of geographic basic function,the unit of geographic landscape,the unit of geographic landscape class and the unit of geographic landscape class combination.They represent the geographic research methodologies of "the partition of minimum spatial granularity","the analysis of a basic spatial process","the conjugate analysis of spatial processes","class partition" and "reciprocity among the classes" respectively and embody the geographic research thinking of "redutive analysis","process analysis","whole analysis","class partition" and "synthesis analysis" respectively.In addition,the article conducted an experiment of the research method on structure of the unit hierarchical structure of regional geographic system in a particular experimental district.

Key words: regional geographic system, the unit hierarchical taper of regional geographic system, geographic computation methodology