地理研究 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 617-623.doi: 10.11821/yj2006040007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于MODIS数据的无定河流域蒸散模拟

陈丹1,2, 莫兴国1, 林忠辉1, 刘苏峡3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院生态网络观测与模拟重点实验室,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室 北京100101;
    3. 广州地理研究所,广州510070
  • 收稿日期:2005-08-02 修回日期:2005-12-20 出版日期:2006-08-15 发布日期:2006-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 莫兴国,研究员,从事生态水文学研究。E-mail:moxg@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:E-mail:moxg@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:陈丹(1980-),女,江西临川人,硕士,研究实习员。自然地理专业。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(90211007);中国科学院地理科学与资源所创新项目(CXIOG-A04-12)资助

Estimation of evapotranspiration over Wuding River Basin with an eco-hydrological model and MODIS data

CHEN Dan1,2, MO Xing-guo1, LIN Zhong-hui1, LIU Su-xia3   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;
    2. Guangzhou Institute of Geography,Guangzhou 510070,China;
    3. Key Lab of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes,CAS,Beijing 100101,China
  • Received:2005-08-02 Revised:2005-12-20 Online:2006-08-15 Published:2006-08-15

摘要:

利用黄土高原无定河流域水文气象资料、MODIS数据及GIS背景信息,应用分布式生态水文模型(VIP模型),按250m空间分辨率模拟了该流域水量平衡各分量的时空分布。结果表明:20002003年无定河流域年蒸散量分别为300 mm、397 mm、460 mm和443 mm;流域蒸散有明显的由南向北,由东到西的梯度递减特征,降水量和地表植被覆盖度的差异是其空间变异的主要因素;蒸腾与蒸发空间分异显著,但两者的变化相互补偿,降低了蒸散的空间变异性。整个流域平均而言,不同植被类型间的年蒸散总量差异不明显。白家川等9个子流域年蒸散量的模拟结果与水量平衡法估计结果具有较好的一致性。

关键词: 无定河流域, 蒸散, NDVI, 水量平衡, VIP模型

Abstract:

A physically distributed eco-hydrological model(VIP model),under support of Terra-MODIS remotely sensed vegetation index,land use and DEM data,is applied to simulate the temporal and spatial variation of evapotranspiration and other water balance components over the Wuding River Basin on the Loess Plateau,from 2000 to 2003.The spatial resolution of the simulation is 250 m and time step of 1 hour.The results show that the mean evapotranspiration is 300 mm,397 mm,460 mm and 443 mm in 2000,2001,2002 and 2003,respectively;the annual evapotranspiration amount is the main component of water budget and the evaporation value from soil is a bit larger than the canopy transpiration;evapotranspiration over the basin mainly occurred during summer time,which contributes more than 60% of the annual amount;and the annual values of evapotranspiration from the vegetation types are similar,though their monthly processes are quite different.This is the common phenomenon in the semi-arid region.Over the whole basin,the annual amount of evapotranspiration and its components are decreasing gradually from the southeastern part to the northwestern part of the basin;the coefficient of variation of evaporation and transpiration is 30% and 14% respectively,whereas that of evapotranspiration is only 9%,due to the compensating effect of evaporation and transpiration.The simulated annual evapotranspiration values over the nine sub-basins of the Wuding River Basin agree well with the evapotranspiration derived from water balance method,showing that the simulation results of VIP model are reasonable.The result from this study is valuable for assessing water conservation projects and serves as reference for re-vegetation policy making.

Key words: Wuding River Basin, evapotranspiration, NDVI, water balance, VIP model