地理研究 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 681-691.doi: 10.11821/yj2006040015

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市建筑空间设计的犯罪防控效应

王发曾   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院 河南开封475001
  • 收稿日期:2005-10-28 修回日期:2006-01-11 出版日期:2006-08-15 发布日期:2006-08-15
  • 作者简介:王发曾(1947-),男,河南开封人,教授,博士生导师,河南大学副校长。主要研究城市地理、城市 规划与设计、城市犯罪。E-mail:fzwang@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(493710206)

The effect of anticrime in urban building-space designing

WANG Fa-zeng   

  1. College of Environment and Planning,Henan University,Kaifeng 475001,China
  • Received:2005-10-28 Revised:2006-01-11 Online:2006-08-15 Published:2006-08-15

摘要:

建筑空间设计包括外部空间设计与内部空间设计,前者设计建筑物之间的空间组合形态,后者设计建筑内部的空间组合形态。合理的建筑物空间设计是创造可防控空间的有效手段,是消除建筑空间盲区的有力措施,也是实施城市犯罪空间防控的重要途径。建筑外部空间组合设计发挥防控效应有两个工作层面,一是将建筑单体组合成群体,二是将建筑群体组合成组团。建筑内部空间组合设计发挥防控效应包括住宅建筑内部空间设计、公共设施建筑内部空间设计、高层建筑与智能化建筑内部空间设计。

关键词: 建筑空间, 设计, 城市犯罪, 犯罪防控

Abstract:

The urban crime,one of the most serious urban problems,has a strong spatial color,the urban spatial anticrime is an important constituent in the urban anticrime system.The anticrime designing of urban building-space,or said,the full displaying the effect of designing urban building-space,is an important work both having the scientific significance and practical significance,also having foundational,preventive and persistent effect.The designing of urban building-space includes the designing of outward building-space and the designing of internal building-space,the former designs the spatial combination shape among single buildings,and the latter designs the spatial combination shape in a building.The reasonable building-space designing is an effective method for creating the anticrime space,is a powerful measure for eliminating building spatial blind areas and also an important way for implementing urban spatial anticrime.The designing of outward building-space,a leading restriction behavior of molding city partial environment and meso-micro construction landscapes,is a concrete way for realizing and deepening a plot plan,provides the basis for the construction designing of single buildings,and,plays a vital role to create the construction space environment for anticrime.The full displaying the anticrime effect of the outward building-space designing has two work stratification planes,the one is to combine single buildings into a building group,and the other is to combine building groups into a building cluster.The designing of internal building-space includes the spatial combination of units in a building,the spatial physique designing for a building,and also the spatial relation designing of a building with its close neighbor exterior space.Its designing effect is the most centralized and the main manifestation of building utility function,thus is also the essential link of displaying the anticrime effect.Regarding the residential buildings,the public buildings,the high-rise buildings and the intelligent buildings,the anticrime effect displayed through the designing of internal space should have their respective stress.

Key words: building-space, designing, urban crime, anticrime