地理研究 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 730-740.doi: 10.11821/yj2006040020

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠江三角洲城市旅游竞争力空间结构体系初探

黄耀丽1, 李凡1,2, 郑坚强1, 李飞1,3   

  1. 1. 佛山科学技术学院旅游系,佛山528000;
    2. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州510275;
    3. 上海财经大学国际工商学院,上海200433
  • 收稿日期:2005-12-08 修回日期:2006-05-25 出版日期:2006-08-15 发布日期:2006-08-15
  • 作者简介:黄耀丽(1959-),女,四川人,副教授。主要从事旅游资源开发、管理及旅游地或系统教学和研究。 已发表论文20余篇。E-mail:fs-hyl@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    广东省科技厅软科学基金项目:大珠江三角洲城市间旅游竞争与合作研究(2004B0102076)

Research about space structural system in tourism competitiveness around cites in the Pearl River Delta

HUANG Yao-li1, LI Fan1,2, ZHENG Jian-qiang1, LI Fei1,3   

  1. 1. Tourism Department,Foshan Institute of Science and Technology,Foshan 528000,China;
    2. City and Region Research Center of SUN YAT-SEN University,Guangzhou 510275,China;
    3. Environment Resource Department,Foshan Institute of Science and Technology, Foshan 528000,China
  • Received:2005-12-08 Revised:2006-05-25 Online:2006-08-15 Published:2006-08-15

摘要:

区域城市间旅游竞争力空间结构体系是一个由不同等级、不同空间区位、不同旅游发展阶段的城市通过旅游资源、旅游交通等生产力要素以及客流有机耦合而形成的。本文在深入分析旅游竞争力含义及其空间结构的基础上,采用城市旅游竞争力的多维评价和综合分析的方法,将珠江三角洲城市旅游目的地划分为不同的3个等级,并总结出珠江三角洲城市旅游竞争力具有以广深为轴线的“哑铃”型双极放射状空间形态模式,提出了凭借城市自身比较优势,承担不同层次旅游竞争与合作角色的空间组织模式,旨在通过研究梳理各城市旅游影响要素的优劣差异,认识区域内旅游竞争力的空间结构特征,为进一步探讨形成互利共赢的城市旅游竞争与合作机制奠定基础,促进珠江三角洲城市旅游经济的和谐发展。

关键词: 珠江三角洲, 城市, 旅游竞争力, 空间结构体系

Abstract:

The space structural system of tourism competitiveness between cities is coupled organically by tourism resources,tourism traffic and other factors of production as well as passenger flow with different grades and different geographic locations and different stages of tourism development.The study places emphases on tourism competitiveness which differ among cities with different sizes;the relationships between competition and cooperation are also different according to different distances between cities;the levels of tourism competitiveness are disparate resulting from different urban environments and tourism markets,which constitute hierarchical structure and space framework of a regional tourism cities system.To study urban tourism competitiveness,its space structural characteristics will help to build efficient regional tourism mechanisms to achieve win-win cooperation between cities and realize the optimal development of the whole region.The analysis of the space structure of urban tourism competitiveness is the key premise to reveal the geographical competition-cooperation mechanisms between cities. Based on the analysis about the meaning of tourism competitiveness and its space structure,the tourism destinations in the Pearl River Delta can be divided into three ranks using multidimensional assessment and comprehensive analysis methods.It is concluded that the space structure of tourism competitiveness around tourism cities in the Pearl River Delta presents a"dumbbell-shaped" pattern taking Guangzhou-Shenzhen as an axis and bipolar radiative spatial model.It is suggested that different tourism cities can be ranked into different levels of cooperator or competitor in space structure by their relative or absolute advantages.All the above discussed laid the foundations to further explore a mutually beneficial win-win tourism competition-cooperation mechanism for the harmonious development of tourism economy in the Pearl River Delta.

Key words: The Pearl River Delta, city, tourism competitiveness, space structure system