地理研究 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 705-711.doi: 10.11821/yj2007040007

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏沿江地区工业企业环境压力的 LISREL模型分析

王宜虎1,2, 陈 雯1, 陈江龙1, 段学军1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-22 修回日期:2007-03-30 出版日期:2007-07-25 发布日期:2007-07-25
  • 作者简介:王宜虎(1973-),男,山东省滕州人,博士研究生。主要从事区域经济学、环境经济学研究。E-mail: wyhtz@163.com *通讯作者 : 陈雯,研究员。E-mail: wchen@niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40371031)与中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX3-CW-427)联合资助

Analysis of the environmental pressures on industrial firms with LISREL model in the zone along the Yangtze River of Jiangsu Province

WANG Yi-hu1,2, CHEN Wen1, CHEN Jiang-long1, DUAN Xue-jun1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography &|Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2006-09-22 Revised:2007-03-30 Online:2007-07-25 Published:2007-07-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40371031)与中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX3-CW-427)联合资助

摘要: 工业企业的环境压力就是企业受到的来自外部的促使其改善环境行为的各种压力。为了更好地掌握和了解我国较发达地区工业企业所受环境压力的构成、程度及其变化,以便调整和创新环境制度,推动工业绿色化的发展,本文基于企业问卷调查数据,采用LISREL模型分析了江苏沿江地区工业企业所受环境压力及其不同方面的贡献程度。结果指出该地区目前的企业环境压力仍然以政府的行政管理压力为主,企业环境行为的改善仍然主要靠政府的强力推动,市场的压力虽逐步增强,但尚未成为主导,特别是国内市场的压力不强,公众的压力也仍然较弱,与发达国家市场和公众是主要的环境压力相比,仍有一定差距。今后应在继续保持政府环境压力的同时,采取措施增强市场和公众的环境压力。

关键词: 江苏沿江地区, 工业企业, 环境压力, LISREL模型

Abstract: The environmental pressures on industrial firms, involving government, public and market etc. , come from exterior of the firms and force the firms to improve their environmental behaviours. The industry in Jiangsu Province along the Yangtze River has been developing rapidly in recent years, and thus inducing many environmental problems. The increasing environmental problems in consequence enhanced the environmental pressures on the industrial firms from exterior. In order to get insight into the structure, degree and changes of environmental presures on the firms so as to adjust and innovate the environmental policies for enhancing industrial greening, this article studies the impacts of all kinds of environmental pressures on industrial firms and their contributions based on dataset of questionaire from concerning firms with LISREL model. This study revealed that in the study region the pressure from government administration is still the main pressure to the industrial firms, and the improvement of the environmental behaviors of industrial firms is also made by the force of government. Although it is becoming more and more important, the pressures from market, especially the pressures from domestic market have not been the main ones to the industrial firms, and the pressures from the public are also very weak. But in the developed countries, the pressures from market and public are the main environmental ones to the industrial firms. Therefore, there is a long way for China to go to adjust the structure of environmental pressures. In the future, necessary measures should be taken to improve the environmental pressures from market and the public while with the pressure from government administration being sustained.

Key words: the zone along Yangtze River of Jiangsu Province, industrial firms, environmental pressure, LISREL model