地理研究 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 1209-1220.doi: 10.11821/yj2007060015

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

上海宁波两港空间关系研究

王列辉   

  1. 复旦大学历史地理研究中心,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2007-01-18 修回日期:2007-05-15 出版日期:2007-11-25 发布日期:2007-11-25
  • 作者简介:王列辉(1978-),男,浙江慈溪人,博士生。主要从事历史经济地理和港口地理研究。E-mail:altitude8849@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    上海市哲学社会科学规划青年课题(2006ELS001)、教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重点研究项目(05JJD770008)和国家社会科学基金项目(05BJL051)。

The port spatial relationship between Shanghai and Ningbo

WANG Lie-hui   

  1. Center for Historical Geography Studies, Fudan University|Shanghai 200433,China
  • Received:2007-01-18 Revised:2007-05-15 Online:2007-11-25 Published:2007-11-25
  • Supported by:

    上海市哲学社会科学规划青年课题(2006ELS001)、教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重点研究项目(05JJD770008)和国家社会科学基金项目(05BJL051)。

摘要:

上海港和宁波港是长江三角洲港口体系中两个最重要的港口。基于国内外港口空间关系研究现状的评述和借鉴,本文对两港的空间关系进行长时段考察和定量测度,认为近代以来,上海宁波两港的空间关系大致经历了枢纽港-支线港到枢纽港-大型深水直挂港的转变。今后上海港仍将保持较快增长,而宁波港的发展势头将更加强劲,很有可能和上海港形成双枢纽港模式。

关键词: 上海港, 宁波港, 空间关系, 大型深水直挂港, 双枢纽港

Abstract:

Shanghai and Ningbo are the two most important ports in the Yangtze River Delta port system.In this paper,on the basis of international and domestic historical research on spatial relationships between ports, the author used historical documents and shift-share model to analyze and measure the spatial relationships between Shanghai and Ningbo from a more historical perspective.Before 1840 the two ports opened to foreign traders, however, Ningbo was the only authorized port trading with Japanese, while Shanghai was one of the most important ports for domestic trade.After 1840, as we all familiarized with that Shanghai port had developed much more rapidly than Ningbo did. Eventually, Shanghai became one of the most important hub ports in East Asia while Ningbo the feeder port of Shanghai. Recently ocean shipping volume ship sizes were getting larger, and the advantage of Ningbo port's deep water was embodied. And also with the development of regional economy, more and more containers were transited through Ningbo port. Ningbo port transformed from Shanghai's feeder port to a large deep-sea direct-call port. Based on the analysis of Shanghai and Ningbo's physical condition, port type, hinterland development, modes of transport and traffic cost, the author considered Ningbo port would be developing from large deep-sea direct-call port to hub port . Bi-hub port would be the spatial relationship between Shanghai and Ningbo ports.

Key words: Shanghai, Ningbo, port spatial relationship, large deep-sea direct-call port, bi-hub port