地理研究 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 13-23.doi: 10.11821/yj2008010002

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国人口城市化的影响要素与空间格局

朱传耿, 孙姗姗, 李志江   

  1. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院,徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-13 修回日期:2007-09-11 出版日期:2008-01-25 发布日期:2008-01-25
  • 作者简介:朱传耿(1963-),男,江苏徐州人,教授,博士。主要从事城市与区域经济研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学重点基金项目(40435013);国家自然科学基金项目(40671053);国家社会科学基金项目(06BJL058)。

The influencing factors and spatial distribution of population urbanization in China

ZHU Chuan-geng, SUN Shan-shan, LI Zhi-jiang   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
  • Received:2007-06-13 Revised:2007-09-11 Online:2008-01-25 Published:2008-01-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学重点基金项目(40435013);国家自然科学基金项目(40671053);国家社会科学基金项目(06BJL058)。

摘要:

利用2000年第五次人口普查数据和相关统计资料对中国人口城市化的影响要素和空间格局进行分析和研究。从城市角度分析中国人口城市化的影响要素后发现:中国城市人口规模与经济实力要素、社会发展要素和消费要素显著相关,与经济结构要素相关性不显著;运用GIS技术分析中国人口城市化的空间格局发现:中国县级人口城市化空间格局存在明显的东北、中部和西南"三元"结构,省级人口城市化体现出"三区(即京津沪区、渝鄂区和藏新区)、三带(东部带、中部带和北部带)"的空间格局。

关键词: 中国, 人口城市化, 影响要素, 区划

Abstract:

The issue of population urbanization used to be a hot point in academic study, and the paper intends to discuss the problem in a new way. This paper makes a critical review about researches on the population urbanization in China since the 1990s, and then based on the data from the Fifth National Population Census in 2000 and correlative statistics, some influencing factors and spatial distribution of population urbanization are analyzed. Firstly, according to the data in China City Statistical Yearbook 2001, and using the software of Statistics Package for Social Science, the authors have conducted Factor Analysis and found out that there are four main factors having relations with the amount of urban population, including economic growth, social development, urban consumption and economic formations. Then the authors conducted Correlations Analysis and found out that economic growth, social development and urban consumption are notably relative to the size of urban population, and their relationship declines. Secondly, the data from the Fifth National Population Census in 2000, and using visualization technique of a group of geographic information system software, the authors found out that the spatial distribution of Chinese counties' population urbanization is of evident northeast-center-southwest triadic relations, and the spatial distribution of Chinese provinces' population urbanization divisions are of three clusters and three zones, which are the eastern cluster, the middle cluster, the northern cluster, the Beijing-Tianjin-Shanghai zone, and the Chongqing-Hubei zone, and the Xizang-Xinjiang zone. Thus the authors have actualized the regional planning of population urbanization in China. Finally, the authors discussed the academic and practical value of this article. On the one hand, it is an item of academic innovation. On the other hand, it can provide foundation of population policies in China and make contributions to economic and social development in China.The authors hope other experts can keep on studying the issue in new ways, and make more contributions to the development of the country.

Key words: China, population urbanization, influencing factors, divisions