地理研究 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (2): 375-384.doi: 10.11821/yj2008020015

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国彩电制造业空间变化的影响因素

高菠阳1,2, 刘卫东1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2007-07-12 修回日期:2007-10-11 出版日期:2008-03-25 发布日期:2008-03-25
  • 作者简介:高菠阳(1984-),女,吉林长春人,研究生。主要从事经济地理和区域发展研究。 E-mail:bygao@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40571047)

Factors affecting recent spatial changes of the color-TV industry in China

GAO Bo-yang1,2, LIU Wei-dong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natur Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2007-07-12 Revised:2007-10-11 Online:2008-03-25 Published:2008-03-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金(40571047)

摘要:

产业区位的形成受经济、社会、人文等因素的多重影响。20世纪90年代初以来,影响我国产业布局的资源、交通条件等传统因素作用逐渐下降,外商投资、产业集群、创新网络建设等新因素明显地改变着我国的产业布局。本文分析了我国彩电制造业30余年的产业空间转移,阐述了我国在由计划经济向市场经济转轨、从开放度低的配给制经济向承接全球制造业转移的国际化经济的转型过程中,影响彩电制造业空间分布因素的变化。

关键词: 产业布局, 产业网络, 创新能力, 彩电

Abstract:

Industrial location is a result of the interactions between economic, social and physical factors. Since the 1990s, factors affecting industrial spatial distribution in China have changed a lot, that is, the role of traditional factors like natural resources and transportation is decreasing while that of a number of new factors is increasing, such as inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI), agglomeration economy and development of innovation networks. As such, manufacturing activities have experienced turbulent spatial changes in recent years. The color-TV industry, as a major contributor to employment, productivity and output growth in the Chinese electronics industry, is a typical sector with rapid spatial changes in the last two decades. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the factors affecting recent spatial changes of the color-TV industry in China, and to identify its changing dynamics at different stages. Following a brief review on industrial location theory, this paper first summarizes the changing characteristics of the spatial distribution of China's color-TV industry from 1971 to 2005, by using the index of concentration. Then it analyzes major factors affecting the spatial distribution of the industry in three different development stages identified in the first step. The paper finds that, in recent transition from the central planning economy to a market economy and from a closed economy to one integrated more and more into the global economy, major factors affecting the industry's location have changed from government policy and intervention to corporate strategies to cope with intensified market competition and to inflow of foreign direct investment. China has a diverse, complex and rapidly changing economy. The paper offers a case study to understanding recent spatial changes of manufacturing activities in China, which is an area worthy of further study in the China's context.

Key words: spatial change, color-TV industry, industrial location, foreign direct investment