地理研究 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 738-750.doi: 10.11821/yj2009030018

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

欠发达农区传统制造业集群的网络演化分析——以河南省虞城县南庄村钢卷尺产业集群为例

李二玲, 李小建   

  1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心|河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2008-08-17 修回日期:2008-11-27 出版日期:2009-05-25 发布日期:2009-05-25
  • 作者简介:李二玲(1969-),女,河南兰考人,副教授,博士。主要从事企业网络、产业集群与区域发展研究。 *通讯作者 : 李小建(1954-),男,河南孟津人,教授,博士生导师。主要从事经济地理学教学和研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40535025)资助; 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(2007JJD790124)资助; 河南省2008年度高校科技创新人才(人文社科类)支持计划资助。

The evolution of networks in traditional manufacturing clusters of undeveloped rural areas: The case of steel measuring tape cluster in Nanzhuang Village, Yucheng County, Henan Province

LI Er-ling, LI Xiao-jian   

  1. Research Center of Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development|College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
  • Received:2008-08-17 Revised:2008-11-27 Online:2009-05-25 Published:2009-05-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40535025)资助; 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(2007JJD790124)资助; 河南省2008年度高校科技创新人才(人文社科类)支持计划资助。

摘要:

本文以河南省虞城县南庄村钢卷尺产业集群为例,基于企业问卷调查数据,运用社会网络分析法,通过对比企业在初创阶段的衍生网络与现阶段的情感网络、咨询网络和合作网络,探讨了欠发达农区传统制造业集群中网络的形成和演化过程。研究发现相对于偏重技术联系的发达地区高技术集群来说,欠发达农区传统制造业集群网络的形成和演化更具有内生性和自组织规律。在集群成长和网络演进的过程中,集群网络中的核心关系受农村社区聚落环境的影响,并随农区企业规模、地位和能力的改变而演变。依此集群网络的形成和演化经历4个阶段,即家族或泛家族网络阶段、内部分工生产网络阶段、本地创新网络阶段和全球供应链网络阶段,各类型网络在集群发展的不同阶段起着不同的作用。

关键词: 演化, 网络, 中国中部农区, 钢卷尺集群, 社会网络分析

Abstract:

This paper uses the social network analysis (SNA) to examine the evolution of networks in traditional manufacturing clusters of undeveloped rural areas, based on the case of steel measuring tape cluster in Nanzhuang village, Yucheng county, Henan province. By contrasting the network structure and characteristics of the spin-off networks in initial stage with that of the emotion networks, advice networks and cooperation networks in present stage in the cluster, it finds the particularities of evolution of networks in traditional manufacturing clusters of undeveloped rural areas, such as the auto-organizational principle of this kind of clusters. In the process of this evolution, the changing of the size, status, capabilities of the enterprises or the community environmental changes may alter the core relations in cluster network. The evolution of networks in traditional manufacturing clusters of undeveloped rural areas can be divided into four stages, that is, the family-extensive family networks, the division-production networks, the local innovation networks and the global supply networks. The different types play different roles in different stages of cluster development. Meanwhile, the intrinsic capabilities and the extrinsic contracts of enterprises also match the network stages respectively.

Key words: evolution, networks, steel measuring tape cluster, social network analysis, rural areas of central China