地理研究 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 829-837.doi: 10.11821/yj2009030026

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市演进视角下的地名文化景观——以广州市荔湾区为例

朱 竑1, 周 军1,2, 王 彬1,3   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275;
    2. 广州市规划局荔湾区分局,广州 510176;
    3. 福建师范大学地理科学学院,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2008-06-16 修回日期:2009-02-18 出版日期:2009-05-25 发布日期:2009-05-25
  • 作者简介:朱竑(1968-),男,甘肃人,博士、教授、博士生导师。研究领域:文化地理学及旅游地理学。 E-mail:eeszhh@mail.sysu.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40771067);广东省普通高校人文社会科学研究重点项目(05ZD790008);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-07-0889)

Analyzing the decline and renewal of old town of Liwan, Guangzhou from the evolvement of toponym

ZHU Hong1, ZHOU Jun1,2, WANG Bin1,3   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Guangzhou Plan Bureauat at Liwan Substation, Guangzhou 510176, China;
    3. School of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China
  • Received:2008-06-16 Revised:2009-02-18 Online:2009-05-25 Published:2009-05-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40771067);广东省普通高校人文社会科学研究重点项目(05ZD790008);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划项目(NCET-07-0889)

摘要:

地名作为一种特殊的文化符号,对承载历史意蕴和传承城市文化有着重要的意义和作用。文章选用1983年版和2003年版1 ∶ 5000荔湾区行政区划图,通过对比来反映广州老城区荔湾区地名的变更,发现经过20年快速城市化和城市内部发生的深刻变化,计有437个因各种原因已经消失的地名,348个新增地名,全区地名总体变化比率达到近43%;在变更的地名中,反映广州市荔湾区经济社会变化的地名最多,而消失的地名中则多属于历史街区地名。这些都深刻揭示出在现代化快速城市化变化背景下,大城市发展、更新过程中诸多内在的规律,进而为城市有序发展、历史地段合理有效地保护提供有价值的参考。

关键词: 地名演变, 城市老城区, 衰落与更新, 城市指标, 广州荔湾

Abstract:

The previous attention to the urban evolution is mostly about the variety of the architecture landscape, the increase and changes of roads, the construction of good-sized infrastructure, the development of the urban green area ecosystem and urban real estate, the adjustment of urban spatial structure as well as the building of city culture and city culture industry, emphasizing the change of urban macroscopical factors, and attaching importance to the transformation of urban physical form and structure. Especially in the process of studies on famous historic and cultural cities and historic sites, the scholars have paid more attention to the protection and development of constructions and historic areas. In other words, the accomplished studies further emphasized the practicalities which bear the weight of historic meaning and city culture, but ignore the important effects of the urban toponym which record the unique history of the urban area, labeling the urban change, confirming the urban development, embodying the mutative stream of the city. It is pointed out that by analyzing the toponym that is a visual and accessible cultural factor, the track of urban development and changes could be discerned, and at the same time, based on the frequent urbanization, many inner rules of urban development and renovation were open out. And these were the valuable reference of urban development and the effective protection of historic areas. This paper studied the changes of toponym, Liwan of Guangzhou, and brought forward the symbolic effect and evaluation of the toponym in the process of studying decline and renewal of the city.

Key words: the evolvement of the toponym, old town of the city, decline and renewal, the indicators of the city, Liwan, Guangzhou