地理研究 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 920-932.doi: 10.11821/yj2009040007

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球化下"跨国移民社会空间"的地方响应——以广州小北黑人区为例

李志刚, 薛德升, 杜 枫, 朱 颖   

  1. 中山大学 城市与区域研究中心, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2008-11-14 修回日期:2009-01-16 出版日期:2009-07-25 发布日期:2009-07-25
  • 作者简介:李志刚(1976-),男, 湖北天门人,英国南安普顿大学博士,中山大学城市与区域规划系副教授,硕导|中国地理学会青工委副主任。主要研究方向:城市社会空间,城市社会地理。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40601033, 40771066,40771067);广东省自然科学基金资助项目 (06300105);中山大学"百人计划"资助项目(3171310);教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助项目。

The local response of transnational social space under globalization in urban China: A case study of African enclave in Guangzhou

LI Zhi-gang, XU De-sheng, DU Feng, ZHU Ying   

  1. Center for Urban &|Regional Studies, SUN Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2008-11-14 Revised:2009-01-16 Online:2009-07-25 Published:2009-07-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40601033, 40771066,40771067);广东省自然科学基金资助项目 (06300105);中山大学"百人计划"资助项目(3171310);教育部留学回国人员科研启动基金资助项目。

摘要:

全球化下的中国城市社会空间面临新的重塑,以诸多大城市新近出现的跨国移民社会空间的发展最为突出。本文以广州小北黑人区为研究对象,采用三角检验法,综合利用问卷调查、深度访谈等研究手段,探讨全球化下中国城市所出现的新社会空间的地方响应。总体上,一个负面的黑人群体形象已经被建构起来。就居民的年龄、性别、教育水平、居住时间和宗教信仰等方面而言,各类本地居民在对黑人聚居的看法上并无太大差别;但不同职业类型的居民看法差别很大。排斥心理的产生多源于外在信息的影响,亦即本地媒体排斥、矮化性的负面响应。

关键词: 跨国移民社会空间, 地方响应, 广州, 黑人区

Abstract:

After a successful market reform featured by opening-up, urban China is facing a tremendous sociospatial restructuring in recent years. The rise of a new type of social space, i.e., ethnic enclaves has been remarkable. Taking Xiaobei of Guangzhou City as a study case, this paper examines the response of local residents and communities. Method of triangulation is mainly used, along with both quantitative analysis such as questionnaire and logistics regression and qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews, focus group and so on. As shown by the empirical study, a negative representation of African communities has been constructed in Guangzhou. Attitudes of local residents surveyed upon African enclaves do not show a consistent result of either acceptance or exclusion. Through a logistic regression, it is found that in terms of the variables of age, gender, educational attainments, the length of living time or religions, no variables can stand out to be significant. Employment, however, is important, while traders, workers or those involved in service sectors mainly put a positive attitude towards Africans, in contrast to professionals, self-employed or students. Moreover, interviews of traders in Xiaobei further disclose that interactions between local residents and Africans are an important determinant of the relations, which, however, are purely economic-based rather than cultural or social based. According to a study of local media reports and website, it is found that the local state-owned newspapers produce a negative impact upon the representation of African enclaves. Critical comments upon criminal cases of African immigrants already engender an invisible wall between local residents and African communities. Based on the sprawl of information on the net, such negative attitudes towards African immigrants soared. Therefore, this indicates a transition of Xiaobei from initiative concentration of African traders to negative segregation. The future of such African communities is under question.

Key words: transnational social space, local response, Guangzhou, African enclaves