地理研究 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 1508-1515.doi: 10.11821/yj2009060007

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地级以上城市城市化质量特征及空间差异

韩增林, 刘天宝   

  1. 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心,辽宁 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-07 修回日期:2009-07-11 出版日期:2009-11-25 发布日期:2009-11-25
  • 作者简介:韩增林(1956-),男,山东商河人,教授,博士生导师,辽宁师范大学副校长,主要研究方向为交通运输、区域经济及海洋经济地理。E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn。刘天宝(1977-),男,河北保定人,研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理学。E-mail:liutb5678@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40671052)

Analysis of the characteristics and spatial differences of urbanization quality of cities at prefecture level and above in China

HAN Zeng-lin, LIU Tian-bao   

  1. Center of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2009-03-07 Revised:2009-07-11 Online:2009-11-25 Published:2009-11-25
  • Supported by:

    国家自然科学基金(40671052)

摘要:

根据城市化质量的内涵,从经济发展、基础设施、就业、居民生活、社会发展、生态环境、用地质量、创新质量和城乡协调等10个方面,构建了城市化质量的综合评价指标体系,运用熵值法,对除拉萨外的286个地级以上城市的城市化质量进行了分析。结果发现城市之间城市化质量差距明显,城市化质量总体不高;城市化质量和城市规模没有对应关系,城市不是越大越好;人口城市化水平不能反映城市化质量,人口城市化不是城市化的最终目标;城市化质量较高的城市仍存在许多不足,需要进一步完善;城市化质量空间差异明显,呈现从东部沿海到中、西部依次降低的特点;城市化质量较高的城市呈"群"状分布,与城市群有较好的拟合。

关键词: 地级以上城市, 城市化质量, 特征, 空间差异

Abstract:

In the 1978~2007 period, the urbanization level in China rose from 17.92% to 44.99, and the urbanization construction has made great progress. With more and more problems related to urbanization emerging, the importance of urbanization quality has been emphasized and many papers have been published in this field. According to the connotation of urbanization quality, the paper constructs the appraisal index system of urbanization quality, including economic development, infrastructure, employment, citizen life, social development, environment, land use quality, innovation quality, and urban-rural gap. With the method of entropy, the urbanization quality of 286 cities at prefecture level and above is analyzed. The results show there are great gaps of urbanization quality between cities, and the urbanization quality is not high as a whole. There is no corresponding relation between urbanization quality and city size, and "The bigger, the better" is not a correct expression concerned with urbanization quality. It is considered that population urbanization level cannot reflect urbanization quality, and that population urbanization is not the ultimate goal. Those cities of higher urbanization quality still have many deficiencies, which needs to be remedied. The spatial differences of urbanization quality are significant, with the urbanization quality decreasing from the eastern coastal regions to central and western regions. The cities of higher urbanization quality are distributed in the form of agglomeration, which fits well the urban agglomerations in China.

Key words: cities at prefecture level and above, urbanization quality, characteristics, spatial differences