地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 35-42.doi: 10.11821/yj2010010004

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农村空心化问题研究的进展与展望

刘彦随1, 刘玉1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院 北京, 100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-02 修回日期:2009-11-23 出版日期:2010-01-20 发布日期:2010-01-20
  • 作者简介:刘彦随(1965-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师。主要从事土地利用和农业与农村发展研究。发表论文160 余篇,出版著作8部。E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029);中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KSCX-YW-09)

Progress and prospect on the study of rural hollowing in China

LIU Yan-sui1, LIU Yu1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-09-02 Revised:2009-11-23 Online:2010-01-20 Published:2010-01-20

摘要:

改革开放以来,中国快速城镇化和人口非农化,在促进农民就业和增收的同时,加快了农村空心化发展,致使空心村问题日趋严峻。本文通过梳理国内农村空心化的研究进展,简要分析了相关研究的主要特点与不足,探讨了今后针对农村空心化与空心村问题的创新研究领域和方向。在国家坚守18亿亩耕地红线、推进社会主义新农村建设和促进城乡统筹发展的时代背景下,系统分析空心化村庄用地结构与潜力、类型及演进规律,深入研究农村空心化情景模拟与调控、空心村整治规划示范与配套政策,以及空心化村庄整治与管理决策支持系统等,既是推进乡村地域系统的理论创新和深化实证研究的需要,也是面向国家战略需求提供科技决策服务的需要。

关键词: 土地整治, 农村空心化, 空心村, 新农村建设, 中国

Abstract:

Rural hollowing is one of the special patterns of rural areal system evolvement in the process of urban-rural transitional development. Recently, the evolvement trend of rural hollowing is quickened by the speedy regional urbanization and non-agricultural population growth, thus to research the lifecycle of rural hollowing evolvement, driving forces of rural hollowing development, rural space reconstructions and rural hollowing regulation thoroughly are the new historical tasks for geographical study in the new epoch. By the comparative study methods, this paper reviews and forecasts the study progress of rural hollowing, points out flaws in the existing studies and predicts the key points in future studies. Results indicate that the existing studies of "hollowed village" mainly focus on the conception, characteristics, space model, different stages and process of rural settlement hollowing, main driving forces, some problems resulted from village hollowing, and countermeasures to control the trend of hollowed village development. The influencing factors of rural hollowing evolvement include four aspects, namely, resource environment, economy and society, mechanism and institution, management and policy. Under the background of ensuring the warning line of cultivated land, guiding new countryside construction, reconstructing optimal rural space and regulating rural hollowing evolvement, the studies should be enhanced in the future on the formation mechanism, regional types and developmental ways; scenario simulation of new countryside construction and potential assessment of "hollowed village" under the condition of urban and rural harmonious development; technical system of "hollowed village" consolidation.

Key words: land consolidation, rural hollowing, hollowed village, new countryside construction, China