Rural hollowing is one of the special patterns of rural areal system evolvement in the process of urban-rural transitional development. Recently, the evolvement trend of rural hollowing is quickened by the speedy regional urbanization and non-agricultural population growth, thus to research the lifecycle of rural hollowing evolvement, driving forces of rural hollowing development, rural space reconstructions and rural hollowing regulation thoroughly are the new historical tasks for geographical study in the new epoch. By the comparative study methods, this paper reviews and forecasts the study progress of rural hollowing, points out flaws in the existing studies and predicts the key points in future studies. Results indicate that the existing studies of "hollowed village" mainly focus on the conception, characteristics, space model, different stages and process of rural settlement hollowing, main driving forces, some problems resulted from village hollowing, and countermeasures to control the trend of hollowed village development. The influencing factors of rural hollowing evolvement include four aspects, namely, resource environment, economy and society, mechanism and institution, management and policy. Under the background of ensuring the warning line of cultivated land, guiding new countryside construction, reconstructing optimal rural space and regulating rural hollowing evolvement, the studies should be enhanced in the future on the formation mechanism, regional types and developmental ways; scenario simulation of new countryside construction and potential assessment of "hollowed village" under the condition of urban and rural harmonious development; technical system of "hollowed village" consolidation.