地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 57-67.doi: 10.11821/yj2010010006

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市犯罪空间盲区的综合治理研究

王发曾   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2009-01-07 修回日期:2009-07-23 出版日期:2010-01-20 发布日期:2010-01-20
  • 作者简介:王发曾(1947-),河南开封人,教授,博士生导师。主要从事城市-区域综合发展、城市规划与设计、城市生态、城市社会问题研究。E-mail: fzwang0306@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40771065)

Study on the comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime

WANG Fa-zeng   

  1. College of Planning and Environment, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2009-01-07 Revised:2009-07-23 Online:2010-01-20 Published:2010-01-20

摘要:

综合治理城市犯罪的空间盲区,是解决城市犯罪问题的有效途径,其研究为城市规划、建设和管理有利于预防和控制犯罪,提供了新的理念与方法,为犯罪地理学和城市地理学开辟了一个新的研究领域。根据空间盲区的形态、性质和对犯罪的影响,将城市犯罪的空间盲区划分为公共、非公共、边际、移动和虚拟空间等5种类型。在述评国外城市犯罪空间研究进展的基础上,构建了城市犯罪空间盲区综合治理的理论平台,论证了空间盲区综合治理的不可替代性,提出了综合治理的基础理论要点和应用理论要点。空间盲区的形成有一系列深刻的空间区位因素,其综合治理研究应有明确的研究目标和方向,核心研究内容为5类空间盲区综合治理的途径、实施方案和措施。还提出了综合治理研究的思路、方法和关键技术。

关键词: 犯罪地理学, 空间盲区, 综合治理, 城市

Abstract:

The comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime is a fundamental effective way to solve the urban crime problem. Its research provides new ideas and methods for the anti-crime in urban planning, construction and management, opens a new research area for crime geography and urban geography. According to the existence shape and the difference of the influence to urban crime, the city crime spatial blind areas may be divided into 5 kinds, public, private, marginal, moving and virtual spatial blind area. In the foundation of the summary and commentary on the spatial research of overseas city crime, the paper constructs a theory platform for the study on the comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime, expounds and proves the non-interchangeability of the comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime, proposes basic theory main points and application theory main points for the comprehensive treatment. The formation of spatial blind areas in urban crime has a series of profound spatial position factors, the comprehensive treatment research should have the explicit research aim and directions, scientific technical route, method and key technologies. The paper's main conclusions are: First, the positive spatial anti-crime is able to put spatial blind areas under the effective government, and the urban crime problem can be under the effective control overall. Second, the theory of the spatial anti-crime is the theory premise and foundation for the comprehensive treatment of the spatial blind areas, and even the essential theory platform for the study on the comprehensive treatment. This theory contains 3 basic theory main points and 3 application theory main points. Third, the comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime is an effective way to create the defensible space for cities, which is guided by the theory of the spatial anti-crime. The study on the comprehensive treatment is an important scientific sphere with theoretical and practical significance, and its core research content is the public order way, implementation plan and measure for the comprehensive treatment of spatial blind areas in urban crime.

Key words: crime geography, spatial blind area, comprehensive treatment, city