地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 373-381.doi: 10.11821/yj2010020019

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    

贫困视角下的中国区域经济增长规律及其管治研究

隋文娟1, 刘筱2,3, 廖悲雨1, 王铮1,2   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学教育部地理信息重点实验室,上海 200062;
    2. 中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所,北京 100080;
    3. 深圳大学管理学院, 深圳 518060
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-13 修回日期:2009-10-12 出版日期:2010-02-20 发布日期:2010-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 王铮(1954-),男,云南陆良人,研究员,博士生导师。研究方向:政策模拟、地理计算、区域科学与管理研究。E-mail: wangzheng@mail.casipm.ac.cn E-mail:wangzheng@mail.casipm.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:隋文娟(1984-),女,山东莱阳人,硕士研究生。研究方向:区域发展与管理决策支持系统。 E-mail:feixia0618@126.com。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助(40701051)

Economic growth pattern in China from the angle of poverty and its governance

SUI Wen-juan1, LIU Xiao2,3, LIAO Bei-yu1, WANG Zheng1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Information Science, Ministry of State Education of China, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. Institute of Politics and Management, CAS, Beijing 100080, China;
    3. School of Public Management, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2009-04-13 Revised:2009-10-12 Online:2010-02-20 Published:2010-02-20

摘要:

采用贫穷增长曲线方法,研究了中国的区域经济增长规律。根据中国1994~2006年地级市的人口和GDP数据,总体来看,随着经济增长,中国地区差距呈扩大趋势,但区域平均GDP增长率越高,地区差距拉大的趋势就越小。1998~2000年,受亚洲金融危机影响,中国呈现贫困化经济增长,GDP增长率最低,地区差距急剧扩大;2003~2004年是亚洲金融危机后中国平均GDP增长率最高的年份,基本符合减贫经济增长,地区差距缩小;其余年份基本符合涓滴经济增长,即随着经济增长,虽然绝对贫穷得到了缓解,但贫困地区人口的收入份额降低,地区差距扩大。针对这种情况,提出了中国经济增长的区域管治是必要的。

关键词: 经济增长, 地区差距, 贫穷增长曲线, 管治

Abstract:

Since the reform and opening up, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth, and made considerable progress in reducing poverty. However, with the rapid economic growth, the income inequality also increases significantly in China. On the one hand, the economic growth pattern affects the trend of inequality; on the other hand, the degree of inequality and imbalance will affect the subsequent reduction rate of poverty. Therefore, the economic growth pattern and the trend of inequality in the interaction affect the overall development of China. This study focuses on the economic growth patterns and poverty reduction of China over the past decade. Poverty can be divided into absolute poverty and relative poverty, with the latter meaning the income gap or inequality. Besides, this article analyzes the income inequality in unit of city. The authors use the poverty growth curve (PGC) to analyze the pattern of China's economic growth, according to the population and GDP in unit of city at prefectural level between 1994 and 2006. In general, the regional disparity was restrained when China's average GDP growth was high. From 1998 to 2000, China's witnessed the immiserizing economic growth, with the lowest GDP growth rate and rapid expansion of regional disparity due to the Asian financial crisis. Between 2003 and 2004, China's economic growth presented a pro-poor growth curve, with the highest GDP growth rate after the Asian financial crisis and shrinkage of regional disparity. During the other periods, China has undergone the trickle-down economic growth, and along with economic growth, although absolute poverty has been alleviated, people in poorer areas have received proportionally less benefits than the non-poor, and regional disparity has been widened. The paper suggests that governance should be essential in the process of the economic growth patterns and poverty reduction in China.

Key words: economic growth, regional disparity, poverty growth curve, governance