地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 471-480.doi: 10.11821/yj2010030010

• 土地资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京城市边缘区空间扩展特征及驱动机制

张宁,方琳娜,周杰,宋金平,江君   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-29 修回日期:2010-01-15 出版日期:2010-03-20 发布日期:2010-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 宋金平,教授,博士生导师。E-mail:jinpingsong@163.com.
  • 作者简介:张宁(1979-),女,河北蠡县人,博士研究生。研究方向为土地利用与规划。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40571040)

The study on spatial expansion and its driving forces in the urban fringe of Beijing

ZHANG Ning, FANG Lin-na, ZHOU Jie, SONG Jin-ping, JIANG Jun   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2009-05-29 Revised:2010-01-15 Online:2010-03-20 Published:2010-03-20

摘要:

在Landsat TM数据支持下,利用突变点方法获取北京市1994、1999、2004年城市边缘区范围,从扩展总量、扩展类型、扩展方向、扩展区域以及扩展强度等方面分析城市边缘区空间扩展特征,探讨扩展驱动机制。结果表明:(1)北京城市边缘区扩展速率逐渐加快;扩展方向主要是东、北,类型以向外扩张为主;(2)边缘区空间扩展受自然地理条件限制的同时,受经济发展、工业增长、城市基础设施等社会经济因素影响较大,城市规划等政治因素也对边缘区空间扩展具有一定影响。

关键词: 城市边缘区, 空间扩展, 驱动机制, 北京市

Abstract:

Urban fringe is a special area with interaction of urban and rural areas. The study of relative research shows that the authoritative theory and methods for demarcating urban fringe have not formed yet, but they are developing gradually from mere qualitative analysis into the combination of the qualitative and the quantitative studies. And maintaining the integrity of administrative units was considered. This article tries to break down barriers of administrative units and gives more precise boundaries by extracting the range of the urban fringe of Beijing respectively in 1994, 1999 and 2004, and using the catastrophe-point method with the TM satellite images. At first, the urban land use information is extracted from the TM images of Beijing in 1994, 1999 and 2004, according to which the proportion of urban land use is calculated. And then, this article detects the abrupt changes of the proportion of the urban land use in different directions, and identifies the inner and outer boundaries of the urban fringe in Beijing according to the breakpoints of all directions. Based on the data, this article analyzes the spatial-expansion characteristics including the expanding amount, types, directions, areas and intensity, and explores their driving forces. The results show that: (1) the expanding speed was increasing step by step, the expanding amount and intensity were both greater in the period of 1999-2004 than those in 1994-1999, the main expanding directions were the east and the north, and the main type was sprawling outwards. Those expanding areas are mostly in Chaoyang, Daxing, Tongzhou and Changping districts. (2) The expansion of the urban fringe of Beijing was limited not only by the geographical conditions, but also by the socioeconomic factors, such as economic development, industrial growth, urban infrastructure etc. , and policy factors as well, such as urban planning.

Key words: urban fringe, spatial expansion, driving force, Beijing