地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 584-596.doi: 10.11821/yj2010040002

• 学科进展 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国综合自然地理学的建立与理论拓展

岳大鹏,刘胤汉   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院,西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-09 修回日期:2009-12-03 出版日期:2010-04-20 发布日期:2010-04-20
  • 作者简介:岳大鹏(1964-),男,陕西省兴平市人,副教授,博士。主要从事综合自然地理、土壤侵蚀、资源与环境方面的研究。E-mail: yuedp@snnu.edu.cn

The foundation and theoretical development of integrated physical geography of China

YUE Da-peng, LIU Yin-han   

  1. College of Tourism and Environmental Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
  • Received:2009-06-09 Revised:2009-12-03 Online:2010-04-20 Published:2010-04-20

摘要:

回顾和评述了中国综合自然地理学的建立和发展过程。中国综合自然地理学经过几代地理学者的不断实践和理论概括,逐渐形成和蓬勃发展起来。相对于国外研究,中国综合自然地理在土地系统分级、结构、演变、系列制图、综合自然区划、自然地带划分、自下而上组合自然小区等方面有长足的进步与拓展。今后,现代综合自然地理学应在自然地域系统方面,把自然、人文、生态经济等各个要素进行系统综合,开展综合地理区划研究,进一步提高区划的理论性和实践性;在土地系统方面,把尺度、结构、过程结合起来,开展土地结构与演变研究,加强土地利用/土地覆被特点、驱动力和生态效应研究;在自然地理过程方面,把物理、化学、生物过程综合到土壤—植被—大气连续系统界面研究上来。

关键词: 综合自然地理学, 建立, 拓展, 中国

Abstract:

After reviewing the forming and development of Integrated Physical Geography since the founding of People's Republic of China in 1949, this paper obtained some cognition results as follows. Since 1950, the IPG of China has been formed and developed gradually by continuous practice and theoretical summarization of some geographers with several generations. Relative to overseas researches, China's IPG has made some progress and relevant theoretical development in the research aspects such as gradation, structure, succession, series-mapping of land system, natural regionalization, division of natural belts, and down-up combination of small natural area etc. In the future, modern IPG should carry on studies of integrated geographical regionalization by systematic integration of every factor such as natural, human, ecological and economic conditions in the field of physical region system research, in order to promote the theoretic and practical values of regionalization. In the field of land system, the studies of structure and evolvement should be developed. Also the studies of features, driving power and ecological effects of land use/land cover should be emphasized by combination of scale, structure and process. In the research field of physical geographical process, unfolding integrated study of physical, chemical and biological processes in soil-plant-atmosphere continuous system is the main trend.

Key words: Integrated Physical Geography, foundation, theoretical development, China