地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 607-616.doi: 10.11821/yj2010040004

• 环境与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态城市建设背景下湛江红树林的保护与利用

张伟1,2, 张义丰1, 张宏业1, 韩维栋3, 杨林生1, 贾大猛1, 孙瑞峰1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
    3. 广东海洋大学农学院, 广东 湛江 524088
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-15 修回日期:2009-09-30 出版日期:2010-04-20 发布日期:2010-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 张义丰(1954-),男,江苏丰县人,研究员。研究方向为区域发展与规划研究,E-mail:zhangyf@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhangyf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张伟(1982-),男,四川邻水人,博士研究生。研究方向为土地利用与生态评价。E-mail:zhangw.08b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    《湛江生态市建设规划》的阶段性成果之一

Mangrove and the construction of regional ecological security pattern in Zhanjiang

ZHANG Wei1,2, ZHANG Yi-feng1, ZHANG Hong-ye1, HAN Wei-dong3, YANG Lin-sheng1, JIA Da-meng1, SUN Rui-feng1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Agricultural College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2009-06-15 Revised:2009-09-30 Online:2010-04-20 Published:2010-04-20

摘要:

以中国最大的红树林生长基地——湛江市为例,经过实地调研和多方论证,分析了当前湛江红树林的生存现状和存在的问题。究其原因在于:对红树林在区域生态安全格局中的战略意义认识不足、当地社会经济发展带来的巨大冲击,以及红树林资源开发的滞后等。针对这些问题,首先从海陆一体化、海岸带等方面,明确了红树林湿地在维护区域生态安全格局中的战略地位。在此基础上,厘清了红树林湿地在湛江生态城市建设中的意义和作用,提出了今后湛江红树林湿地的总体建设方向:(1)以红树林湿地为核心,重构湛江市的区域生态安全格局;(2)加强湛江市红树林生态系统的重构;(3)开展沿海红树林的生态恢复;(4)推进生态旅游产业的开发。

关键词: 红树林, 生态城市, 战略定位, 生态重构, 湛江市

Abstract:

Mangrove is a unique forestry community that exists in the coastal areas of tropics and subtropics. It plays a vital role in some aspects, such as seawater purification, marine calamity reduction, biodiversity maintenance, ecological security protection, and so on. However, due to its lower direct economic values, and its habitats with frequent human activities, mangrove wetland has become ecologically vulnerable in coastal zones. This paper, taking Zhanjiang as an example, conducted investigations and analyses, and pointed out the problems that exist in the protection of mangrove wetland. The reasons are summarized as follows: (1) We are unaware of the strategic importance of mangrove in regional ecological security pattern. (2) Mangrove suffered certain negative impacts from the development of local socio-economy. (3) The resource exploitation of mangrove has lagged behind. Aiming at solving those problems, firstly, this paper focuses on the strategic status of mangrove in two aspects: ocean-land integration, and coastal development; then proposed some suggestions to Zhanjiang: (1) to reconstruct the regional ecological security pattern with mangrove as a kernel; (2) to reconstruct the mangrove ecosystem; (3) to intensify the ecological restoration of mangrove in coastal areas; (4) to promote the development of mangrove eco-tourism.

Key words: mangrove, regional ecological security, strategic orientation, ecological reconstruction