地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 665-674.doi: 10.11821/yj2010040009

• 气候与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

沿海城市社区暴雨洪水风险评价——以温州龙湾区为例

赵庆良1,2, 王军1, 许世远1, 陈振楼1,1, 谢翠娜1, 胡英杰1   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学地理信息科学教育部重点实验室,上海 200062;
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-05 修回日期:2009-09-17 出版日期:2010-04-20 发布日期:2010-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 许世远(1938-),男,教授,博士生导师。长期从事地貌、沉积、城市自然地理、环境演变与可持续发展研究。E-mail:syxu@geo.ecnu.edu.en E-mail:syxu@geo.ecnu.edu.en
  • 作者简介:赵庆良(1976-),男,河南镇平人,讲师,博士。研究方向为自然灾害风险评估研究。 E-mail: zql_01@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40730526)和国家自然科学基金项目(40571006,70703010)

Flood risk assessment of coastal community: A case study in Longwan District of Wenzhou City

ZHAO Qing-liang1,2, WANG Jun1, XU Shi-yuan1, CHEN Zhen-lou1,1, LIU Yao-long1, XIE Cui-na1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science of the Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
  • Received:2009-04-05 Revised:2009-09-17 Online:2010-04-20 Published:2010-04-20

摘要:

从风险角度探讨了基于GIS空间网格的沿海城市社区空间尺度暴雨洪水淹没情景模拟方法。通过对温州龙湾区暴雨降水量的频率计算,得到不同频率下的降水量及其对应的径流深度。根据"雨量体积法"原理,利用编制的程序得到不同重现期暴雨洪水水面高程和不同淹没水深区间对应的淹没面积,并进行暴雨洪水淹没情景模拟和洪水风险评价。最后,根据2005年龙湾区"海棠"台风暴雨实测资料进行典型历史台风暴雨洪水事件实证研究。

关键词: 洪水风险, 情景模拟, 雨量体积法, 沿海城市社区, 温州龙湾区

Abstract:

Coastal cities are not only regions with frequent natural disasters, but also important regions and strategic centers with high population density and highly-developed economy. Owing to the global warming, sea-level rising, and the interaction of land and ocean, the vulnerability and the natural disasters risk level of the coastal cities have remarkably increased, and the losses caused by natural disasters are enormous. Therefore, the research on the natural disaster risk of the coastal cities has become a focus owing to the importance and the high risk of the coastal cities exposure to natural disasters. Longwan District of Wenzhou City has seriously affected by flood disaster resulted from rainstorm of typhoon and storm surge. Beach aquaculture and fishery in Longwan District are well developed, but the annual typhoon flood season often results in casualties and great economic losses. Flood risk assessment and regionalization research in this region is not only able to make up inadequate studies on flood risk in mountainous and hilly cities, but also able to enrich and develop the theories and methodologies of urban flood risk management. Scenario-based studies on rainstorm flood risk assessment are especially carried out on the basis of mountainous and hilly regions in mediumand small watersheds down streams and flooding scenarios at different return periods in Longwan District, Wenzhou. By calculating the frequency of precipitation of heavy rain in Longwan District of Wenzhou City, the different precipitation and flow depths of different return periods were obtained. With the aid of self-compiled GIS program and flood scenario simulation on the basis of "precipitation volumetric method", and taking consideration of natural factors such as surface runoff, topographic relief and infiltration, this article simulates flood surface level at different return periods, calculates respective flooding areas corresponded to different submerge depths range, and evaluates rainstorm flood risk in Longwan District in terms of flood submerge depths. The paper simulates typical flooding scenario caused by history-recorded typhoon rainstorms and evaluates the risk with the data observed when typhoon "Haitang" occurred in Longwan District in 2005.

Key words: flood risk, scenario simulation, precipitation-volumetric method, coastal community, Longwan District of Wenzhou City