地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 811-819.doi: 10.11821/yj2010050005

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

重新发现哈尔滨地理位置的价值: 基于洲际航空物流

修春亮1, 程林1, 宋伟2   

  1. 1. 东北师范大学城市与环境科学学院,长春 130024;
    2. 路易斯维尔大学地理与地球科学系,Louisville, KY40292,美国
  • 收稿日期:2009-07-10 修回日期:2009-11-09 出版日期:2010-05-20 发布日期:2010-05-20
  • 作者简介:修春亮(1964-),男,吉林舒兰人,教授,博士生导师。研究领域为城市地理、经济地理、城市与区域规划。E-mail:xiucl@nenu.edu.cn。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40571050)

Rediscovering the geographical location of Harbin based on intercontinental air cargo logistics

XIU Chun-liang1, CHENG Lin1, SONG Wei2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography,Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China|
    2. Department of Geography and Geosciences, University of Louisville, KY40292, USA
  • Received:2009-07-10 Revised:2009-11-09 Online:2010-05-20 Published:2010-05-20

摘要:

基于洲际航空物流的视角,通过构建基本航线,对比哈尔滨与北京、上海、广州、新加坡和仁川在中美航空物流网络中的可达性,论述哈尔滨在优化中美航空物流网络中的作用。研究认为,洲际航空货运需要在商载和航程之间进行选择,因而可以有不同于客运的枢纽布局安排。哈尔滨处于中美之间航空物流联系的门户位置,相对于北京、上海、广州、仁川等城市具有更好的可达性,具有发展成为国际航空物流枢纽的潜力。国际航空物流枢纽功能的成长,将使哈尔滨由东北地区主轴的"末端"转变为"门户",极大地提升城市的地位,由此可见,航空物流业的飞速发展使某些城市的地理位置具有了新的属性,并需要予以重新审视。

关键词: 城市地理位置, 洲际航空物流, 可达性, 哈尔滨

Abstract:

This paper examines Harbin's status in the Sino-U.S. air cargo logistics network, in comparison with Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Singapore and Inchon, and explores the roles of Harbin in optimizing the network. The analysis is based on measures of accessibility, the examination of basic routes, and the optimization of the network. The analytical results demonstrate that: (1) Harbin has a much better level of accessibility in air cargo network between CAFTA and NAFTA as compared with other hub cities in China and Southeast Asia such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Singapore and Inchon. (2) Harbin is better positioned on the corridor where air routes are concentrated. (3) The establishment of Harbin hub can help optimize air cargo route network from China to North America. (4) Harbin and Inchon tend to be more similar with respect to geographical locations and air transport routes. Harbin is slightly more advantaged in its overall conditions. The paper concludes that: (1) Harbin is a major metropolis along the shortest aviation route between China and North America. China and the U.S. are both biggest countries of the world. Because air cargo logistics become more and more important, the unique location of Harbin in relation to intercontinental air route means great worth. (2) Harbin can be developed into the gateway city in the Sino-U.S. air cargo logistics network and has the potential to become an international air logistics hub as long as appropriate strategies and steps are taken, as well as cooperation and support are accessible. The establishment of Harbin hub will provide tremendous opportunity for its future development. (3) On top of the basic functionality of serving technical landing, additional transshipment functions can be developed at the airport, making Harbin a major gateway between China and the United States, and a key logistics hub in Sino-US air cargo. Harbin will become a more internationalized metropolis beyond its traditional standing as a central city in Northeast China. (4) In the context of rapid development of international air cargo logistics, cities' unique geographical locations have become even more important and should be re-evaluated.

Key words: urban geographical location, intercontinental air cargo logistics, accessibility, Harbin