地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 891-898.doi: 10.11821/yj2010050013

• 土地资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于现状调查的城市郊区农村 居民点整理模式

张占录1, 张远索1,2   

  1. 1. 中国人民大学土地管理系,北京 100872;
    2. 北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-05 修回日期:2009-09-26 出版日期:2010-05-20 发布日期:2010-05-20
  • 作者简介:张占录(1963-),男,北京通州人,博士,副教授。主要从事土地开发整理、土地利用规划的研究。Email:gongwu007@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部"211工程"三期子项目"中国特色的公共管理与公共政策学科平台建设"资助

Mode of residential land consolidation in suburbs based on present situation investigation

ZHANG Zhan-lu1, ZHANG Yuan-suo1,2   

  1. 1. Department of Land Management, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
    2. Institute of Arts and Science, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2009-05-05 Revised:2009-09-26 Online:2010-05-20 Published:2010-05-20

摘要:

城市郊区农村居民点整理是土地整理的一种主要形式,对促进城乡协调发展、保护耕地资源、实现耕地占补平衡具有积极作用。而其实施的滞后性,不但使众多农民对宅基地的真实需求得不到满足,而且严重抑制了郊区农村耕地整理潜力的发挥。本文以北京X郊区为例,在实地调查的基础上,详细汇总分析了目前该地区宅基地现状、需求数量、需求原因等。根据逐项汇总分析调查结果,提出"宅基地换房"是目前最合理的居民点整理工程模式,该模式能最大限度挖掘农村耕地整理潜力。进而,根据调查数据和分析结论对这种模式进行了理论完善,指出农民只要具有合法合理资格就应平等享用发展带来的利益,实际操作过程中要追求最大合理性、安排部分缓冲房源以备户数增加之需等。

关键词: 农村居民点整理, 耕地增加, 模式, 宅基地换房, 城市郊区

Abstract:

As one of main forms for land consolidation, village consolidation in suburbs can be beneficial to promote a coordinated urban and rural development, protect cultivated land resources and keep cultivated land requisition-compensation balance. But the hysteretic nature in implementation of planning has been an inhibition to meet the reasonable demand of homestead for many peasants and seriously restrain the potential of land consolidation in suburban rural areas. There are four types of village consolidation in suburbs at present, consisting of rural urbanization, village merging, village internal adjustment and allopatry migration. The mode of exchanging homestead for house has been a pilot project in Tianjin, which can be used in Beijing to solve the imbalance between supply and demand of the homestead effectively, because the villages to be consolidated in Beijing have similarity with their counterparts in Tianjin. Based on field investigation, X district of Beijing is taken as a case to study present situation, demand quantity and demand causes of homestead in detail. According to aggregation and analysis of investigation results term by term, the mode of exchanging homestead for house is regarded as the best one in residential land consolidation project at present which exploits potential of rural land consolidation with maximum extent. Theory perfection on the mode of exchanging homestead for house is achieved on the basis of investigation data and conclusions. This article points out that those peasants who have the legal and reasonable demand for homestead should have the chance to share the interests brought by development equally. Rationality should be pursued during the process of practical operation and buffering system of house resource should be built to meet the house demand of families newly added.

Key words: village consolidation, cultivated land increase, mode, exchange homestead for apartment, suburbs