地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1069-1082.doi: 10.11821/yj2010060012

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

阶层化背景下的就业空间——以常住人口与流动人口为例

林耿,王炼军   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院城市与区域规划系/城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-05 修回日期:2009-12-24 出版日期:2010-06-20 发布日期:2010-06-20
  • 作者简介:林耿(1972-),男,广东潮州人,博士,副教授。主要从事城市地理学和消费地理学研究。 Email:lingeng00@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40971088、40401018);教育部人文社会科学研究项目基金(09YJAZH105);2009年中山大学研究生教育教学改革研究项目(ZGEI026)

A case study on vocation space of permanent population and floating population in the context of social stratification

LIN Geng, WANG Lian-jun   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-06-05 Revised:2009-12-24 Online:2010-06-20 Published:2010-06-20

摘要:

采用2000年第五次人口普查数据,以市辖区(县、市)为基本地理单元,对广东省的21个地级市133个样本进行阶层化背景下的就业空间研究。通过对常住人口和流动人口的就业构成和就业类型区的分析发现:(1)与流动人口相比,常住人口就业空间的分异更显多元化,其就业的体制内特征更为明显。两类人口就业空间没有形成社会极化结果,收入与职业的极化并未导致社会空间极化的出现,但也存在着类社会极化的特征。(2)常住人口和流动人口的就业构成具有中产化特征,在空间上具有中心城市指向性。而就业差异是否导致常住人口和流动人口之间的结构性阶层分异,则需进行后续的深入论证。

关键词: 就业空间, 常住人口, 流动人口, 阶层, 广东省

Abstract:

Using the 5th census data with urban districts (counties, cities) as the basic geographic units, this paper analyzes the relationship between gender and vocation space based on research into 133 samples of 21 cities. Through an analysis of vocational composition and vocational typical areas of permanent population and floating population respectively, the authors come to some conclusions: (1) Permanent population has more diversified distribution in vocation space and is more organizational than floating population. None of them have produced an effect of social polarization, and the polarization of income and vocation distribution also does not create polarization of social space, but show a feature of quasi social polarization. (2) Vocation structure of both permanent population and floating population shows characteristics of middle-class and orientation to central city in space. High income groups who are trained with professional skill and highet education are dominating in both of them. Among permanent population, some are employed in agriculture and others in service industry. But the majority of floating people are employed in manufacturing sector. The difference between them does not show a strong contrast like core and periphery. Many studies compare permanent population with floating population in the context of itself and the others. Floating population is frequently regarded as the peripheral group. This paper provides a geographical annotation. But more subsequent research is needed to demonstrate whether the difference in vocation will cause structural social stratification between permanent population and floating population.

Key words: vocation space, permanent population, floating population, stratification, Guangdong Province