地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1117-1128.doi: 10.11821/yj2010060016

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

转型期广州市生命历程与住房产权转换

刘望保1, 闫小培2   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510275;
    2. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-21 修回日期:2009-07-30 出版日期:2010-06-20 发布日期:2010-06-20
  • 通讯作者: 闫小培,女,教授,博士生导师。主要从事信息产业与城市发展、城市内部空间结构研究。 E-mail:yanxpei@mail.sysu.edu.cn E-mail:yanxpei@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘望保 (1975-),男,湖南岳阳人,博士,讲师。主要研究方向为城市社会地理。 E-mail:liufeng09023@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社科项目(09YJC840016);香港浸会大学基金项目(HKBU2080/99H)

Life course and housing tenure transition in urban China: A case study of Guangzhou

LIU Wang-bao1, YAN Xiao-pei2   

  1. 1. School of Geographical Sciences, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2009-04-21 Revised:2009-07-30 Online:2010-06-20 Published:2010-06-20

摘要:

作为家庭生命历程中的重要事件,住房产权转换与家庭特征变化、个人与工作单位的关系以及区域住房市场环境变化紧密相关。采取事件史分析方法,将住房产权转换与个体生命历程中的重要事件关联起来,分析住房产权转换的影响因素。对住房产权转换的持续期的研究发现,处于租房状态下的住户改变产权状态的愿望较强,但产权一旦进入自有状态,居民改变产权的愿望就会降低;从住房产权的生存时间来看,最终向全部产权转变的生存时间最长,其次是向资助产权的转变,最短的是向租房产权转变;通过建立COX’s比例风险模型分析发现,家庭生命周期变化和组织变量对住房产权转换的影响都非常显著,说明在中国特殊背景下,住房产权的转换不仅与家庭基本特征变化密切有关,还与个人单位的基本特征密切相关,这正是转型时期计划体制和市场分配体制双重力量相互作用的结果。

关键词: 产权转换, 持续期, 生存时间, 比例风险模型

Abstract:

Housing tenure choice is one of the main topics in urban geography, urban planning and sociology and longitudinal analysis has become the main methodology for housing micro studies in Western countries. As an important event in the life course of a household, housing tenure transition correlates closely to the change of household profile, institutional variables and local housing market variation as well. Using COX's proportional-hazards model, this study analyzed the factors which shape the transition of house tenure by taking into consideration housing tenure together with big events of individual life course. Results reveal that renters displayed the greatest desire to change tenure status, but for those who have already obtained the ownership, partial or full ownership as it may be, the desire to change tenure status fade intermediately. For the survival time, the longest are the spells that change to full ownership, the second longest are the spells that change to partial ownership, and the shortest are the spells that change to rent. The model shows that both household characteristics and institutional variables have strong influences on the housing tenure transitions. The decision of individuals on the shift of housing tenure from rent to own is not only related to major events in the life course but also affected by the relationship between households and work units (or governments). This phenomenon is believed to be the result of interaction between the double powers of planning economy and market economy in transitional urban China.

Key words: housing tenure transition, spells, survival time, proportional-hazards model