地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (6): 1129-1140.doi: 10.11821/yj2010060017

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

主客交往偏好对目的地形象和游客满意度的影响——以广西阳朔为例

张宏梅,陆林   

  1. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院;安徽师范大学旅游发展与规划研究中心,芜湖241000
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-23 修回日期:2010-04-12 出版日期:2010-06-20 发布日期:2010-06-20
  • 作者简介:张宏梅(1969-),女,安徽肥东人,博士研究生,副教授。主要研究领域为旅游消费行为、旅游目的地营销、旅游学科研究方法。E-mail: hongmei_221@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40771059);安徽高校省级人文社科重点研究项目(2010sk085zd)

The effect of tourists' host-guest contact preference on perceived destination image and tourist satisfaction: A case of domestic tourists in Yangshuo, Guilin

ZHANG Hong-mei, LU Lin   

  1. College of National Territorial Resources and Tourism,Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000,China
  • Received:2010-01-23 Revised:2010-04-12 Online:2010-06-20 Published:2010-06-20

摘要: 旅游者和东道主之间交往的性质等因素决定了旅游活动中的主客交往很难取得较好的效果,学术界对主客交往效应的经验研究也没能得到统一的结论。本研究根据目的地国内旅游主客交往效应研究的不足,以阳朔国内旅游者为例,使用结构方程模型技术探讨主客交往偏好对目的地形象感知和游客满意度的影响。研究发现:主客交往显著影响目的地形象、目的地形象显著影响满意度,但主客交往对满意度无直接影响,主要通过目的地形象对满意度产生间接影响。具体地说,主客交往偏好包括密切交往和适度交往两个维度,密切交往对认知形象有显著正向直接影响;密切交往通过认知形象和情感形象对满意度产生间接影响;认知形象和情感形象显著正向直接影响满意度;认知形象通过情感形象对满意度产生间接影响。文章最后还分析了研究的理论和管理意义。

关键词: 主客交往偏好, 目的地形象感知, 游客满意度

Abstract: The tourist-host contact is generally considered helpful for improving mutual understanding and respect, but empirical studies have not obtained convincing results. Some studies show that tourist-guest contact can lead to positive attitude change, but others do not, and some studies even show negative attitude change. Factors such as the short duration and superficial nature of the tourist-guest contact make it difficult to obtain good results. Previous studies of the tourist-guest contact effect mostly focus on international tourism, but few studies have been done about domestic tourism. This study investigates the effect of tourist-guest contact on perceived destination image and tourist satisfaction in domestic context-the case of Yangshuo, China. The constructs' measurement questionnaires are adapted from previous researches. The tourist-guest contact preference scale is adapted from Reisinger & Turner's study on cultural differences. The destination image scale is adapted from Baloglu & McCleary's study on destination image formation. The tourist satisfaction scale is adapted from Yoon et al.'s study on relationship among motivation, satisfaction and loyalty. The data from 292 domestic tourists visiting Yangshuo were collected during October and November 2008, and the response rate was 91.3%. In this study, a structural equation model is used for theoretical testing and development. First, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses are used to test the applicability of tourist destination image and tourist-contact preference scales. Second, confirmatory factor analysis is used to test the total measurement model. Finally, structural model analysis is used to test the hypothesis. The results show that tourist-guest contact preference has a direct significant effect on perceived destination image, perceived destination image has a direct significant effect on tourist satisfaction, but tourist-guest contact preference has no direct significant effect on tourist satisfaction. Specifically, tourist-guest contact preference is comprised of two dimensions: close contact and moderate contact. Close contact has a positive direct significant effect on cognitive image, and has a negative effect on affective image though it is insignificant at 0.05 level. Close contact has an indirect effect on satisfaction through the mediate variable of destination image, cognitive and affective images have direct significant effects on satisfaction, cognitive image has an indirect effect on satisfaction via affective image. The theoretical and managerial significance of these findings is discussed in the final section.

Key words: tourist-guest contact preference, perceived destination image, tourists&rsquo, satisfaction