地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (7): 1281-1290.doi: 10.11821/yj2010070013

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

杭州下沙高教东区学生行为时空特征研究

祁黄雄,陈立章   

  1. 浙江财经学院城乡规划与环境管理研究所,杭州 310012
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-12 修回日期:2010-05-22 出版日期:2010-07-20 发布日期:2010-07-20
  • 作者简介:祁黄雄(1974-),男,福建人,博士。主要从事城乡规划、资源管理与区域开发等研究。 E-mail:qhx@zufe.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    浙江省哲学社科规划课题(08CGSH003YBQ);浙江省教育厅课题(20060106);浙江财经学院重点课题(2006yjz04)

Study of temporal and spatial characteristics of students' behavior in Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park

QI Huang-xiong, CHEN Li-zhang   

  1. Institute of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2010-02-12 Revised:2010-05-22 Online:2010-07-20 Published:2010-07-20

摘要:

以杭州下沙高教东区为例,尝试探讨空间要素对大学生生活、学习等行为的时空影响,从大学生的需求出发,为完善大学城规划发展提供案例数据和思路。通过访谈和问卷调查方法,以杭州下沙高教东区部分大学的大学生日常行为调查问卷为基础,对其行为的时空特征进行调查和分析,并与处于市区的老校区学生进行对比。调查表明,新生和高年级学生行为空间模式和空间选择存在差异,新老校区的学生之间同样也存在差异。进而,探讨了造成这些差异的原因,总结出目前高教东区空间布局对学生行为的影响主要有:(1)功能分区;(2)校园区位与对外交通;(3)树形空间结构;(4)公共空间及设施布局。由此提出建议:(1)东区有必要考虑优化管理体制提高配套设施的共享效率;(2)加强高校与城市社区的互动;(3)大学城规划建设进一步"以人为本"满足师生合理的空间需求。

关键词: 大学城, 大学生行为, 行为时空特征

Abstract:

There are more than 90 university towns in China which are widely distributed in 27 provinces or cities, including the projects that have been completed and that are being built. In the process of rapid development of university towns, the design and construction are more focused on the material form than on the actual demand of people. Almost all the research for the establishment of university towns are based on the concepts of sharing and interaction, although scholars in economics, education, geography and planning science try to study them from different angles. Therefore, this paper explores how the spatial elements influence the temporal and spatial characteristics of the students' living and learning behaviors by the case of Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park, so as to provide the case data and thoughts for the improvement of planning and development of university towns for the needs of college students. This paper analyzes the temporal and spatial characteristics of students' behavior in the Hangzhou Xiasha higher education eastern park based on the data collected from interviews and questionnaire surveys, and compares them with the behaviors of students whose colleges are situated in urban areas. The survey shows that differences exist between the freshmen and the senior students in patterns of spatial behavior and spatial selection, so do differences between the students located in urban and suburban areas. This paper analyzes the behaviors in angles of both behavior patterns and behavior space, explores the reasons for these differences, and come to a conclusion that the students' behavior is affected by spatial layout in four aspects: (1) functional division; (2) campus location and transportation; (3) tree-shaped space structure; (4) public space and facility layout. Finally, three suggestions are put forward: (1) improve management system in the eastern park as to enhance efficiency on facilities sharing; (2) strengthen the interaction between universities and community; (3) introduce people-oriented concept in the planning and construction of university town to meet the reasonable spatial needs of teachers and students.

Key words: university town, college students&rsquo, behavior, temporal and spatial characteristics of behavior