地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1379-1391.doi: 10.11821/yj2010080004

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏省区域经济差异的文化研究

孟召宜1, 渠爱雪1, 车冰清2, 黄泽虎1, 刘燕1   

  1. 1. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院,徐州 221116;
    2. 徐州师范大学淮海发展研究院,徐州 221009
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-25 修回日期:2010-05-28 出版日期:2010-08-25 发布日期:2010-08-30
  • 作者简介:
    孟召宜(1971-),男,江苏睢宁人,博士,副教授。研究方向为区域文化与经济。 E-mail:jsmengzhaoyi@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金资助项目(06BJL058);徐州师范大学博士学位教师科研支持项目(09XLR21)

Study on the regional economic disparity in Jiangsu Province in view of culture

MENG Zhao-yi1, QU Ai-xue1, CHE Bing-qing2, HUANG Ze-hu1, LIU Yan1   

  1. 1. College of Urban and Environmental Science, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China;
    2. Huaihai Development Research Institute, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2010-02-25 Revised:2010-05-28 Online:2010-08-25 Published:2010-08-30

摘要:

在文化区划基础上,以人均GDP为测度指标,以基尼系数和锡尔系数一阶段分解、二阶段嵌套分解为测度方法,分析了1952~2008年江苏不同文化区、文化亚区之间经济差异的空间格局与演化趋势,研究发现:江苏文化区间的总体经济差异在波动中缓慢上升;在文化区层面,区间经济差异在波动中扩大并渐为差异的主要组成部分;在文化亚区层面,亚区内、亚区间经济差异均在波动中持续缩小,但亚区内差异为文化区内差异的主要贡献者;从演化过程看,不同层面的经济差异变化均大致以1978年为界分为波动反复和非均衡上升2个阶段。分析表明,江苏不同地域文化差导致形成不同的心智模型、社会资本和非正式制度,从而形成不同的内在文化动力和外在文化动力是导致经济差异出现的文化动因。

关键词: 经济差异, 文化区, 文化亚区, 锡尔系数, 江苏省

Abstract:

According to dialect as a main index and county as a unit, Jiangsu province is divided into Chuhan cultural region, Wu cultural region and Jianghuai cultural region.Furthermore the three cultural regions are divided into seven cultural sub-regions. Then on the basis of cultural division, the spatial pattern and evolution trend of economic disparities among cultural regions and cultural sub-regions from 1952 to 2008 are studied by taking per capita GDP as a measure index, and taking Gini coefficient, one-stage Theil decomposition and two-stage nested Theil decomposition as measure methods. Results show that overall economic disparities of Jiangsu cultural regions increase slowly with fluctuations. In terms of the level of cultural region, economic disparities of inter-cultural region increase with fluctuations and has become the main component of the overall economic disparities. At the level of cultural sub-region, inter- and intra-economic disparities of cultural sub-regions are both decreasing continuously with fluctuation, and the former is the most important contributor to the economic disparities of intra-cultural region. As for evolution process, the change of economic disparities at different levels can all be divided into repeated fluctuation and non-equilibrium increase stages with the year 1978 as a divide line. The formation of the economic disparities among the cultural regions and sub-cultural regions is related with disparities of the regional culture and traditions in Jiangsu province. From the level of the three major cultural regions, it can be found that Wu culture, with open mind and practicality as its core spirit, can breed, select and innovate the "Sunan model" and form the dynamic power and cultural connotation to the leading economic development of southern Jiangsu. The Chuhan-culture, based on the traditional farming culture, which has closed, conservative and lagged characteristics, leads to slow modernization process of northern Jiangsu. The analyses show that different regional cultures of Jiangsu Province breed different mental models, social capital and informal institutions. As a result, different internal and external cultural powers leads to economic disparities.

Key words: economic disparity, cultural region, cultural sub-region, Theil indices, Jiangsu Province