地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1392-1406.doi: 10.11821/yj2010080005

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国跨区域产业分工与联动特征

王德利1,2, 方创琳1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2009-10-29 修回日期:2010-01-15 出版日期:2010-08-25 发布日期:2010-08-30
  • 通讯作者: 方创琳(1966-), 男,研究员,博士,博士生导师。近年来主要从事城市发展与城市规划等研究,发表论文200余篇。E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:
    王德利(1984-),男,博士生。主要从事区域经济、城市与区域规划等方面研究。 E-mail: wangdl.08b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家"十一五"科技支撑计划重大项目课题(2006BAJ05A06);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-321-05)

Industrial division and linkage among regions of China

WANG De-li1,2, FANG Chuang-lin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and National Resources Research, CAS,Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2009-10-29 Revised:2010-01-15 Online:2010-08-25 Published:2010-08-30

摘要:

基于对投入产出分析方法的扩展运用,建立指标体系,构建区域产业分工模型与跨区域产业联动模型(包括区域间引力模型、产业间引力模型、跨区域各产业间联动模型),从具体产业角度探索中国跨区域产业分工与联动的特征。研究发现:(1)在区域产业分工方面:中部、西北、西南地区是静态比较优势产业较多的区域,而沿海及京津地区是动态比较优势产业居多的地区,区域间产业梯度已经形成。(2)在跨区域产业联动方面:①区域间产业联动强度受经济地位及空间距离的影响显著,沿海与内陆之间跨域产业联动性较弱;②1987~2002年间,各产业综合关联度发生显著变化,产业间关联强度逐渐增大;③跨区域产业联动具有明显邻域空间指向性,区域联动层次与经济发展水平具有密切关系,尽管产业间横向联动与纵向联动相结合的混合型联动格局正在形成,但合作领域多集中于科技含量较低的能源原材料型产业与相关下游产业之间。

关键词: 区域, 产业, 分工, 联动, 投入产出

Abstract:

Based on the expansive use of input-output analysis, this study uses an index system to establish regional division models and cross-regional industrial linkage models (including gravity model of inter-regional, gravity model of inter-industry, cross-region model of inter-industry linkage). Also, it explores characteristics of China's industrial division and linkage from the perspective of specific industries. The results show that: (1) In the aspects of industrial division: Central, Northwest and Southwest China are regions with more static comparative advantage industries, but Beijing, Tianjin and coastal region are regions having more dynamic comparative advantage industries. Regional gradient has been formed between industries; however, some of the regions have similar industrial structures and inter-provincial similar industries. (2)Industrial linkage in cross-regional areas: ① Characteristics of inter-regional linkage: Intensity of inter-industry linkage region is greatly affected by economic status and distance of space, and spatial distribution. Linkage of industries between coastal and inland areas is weak, and it is loose between eastern and western China. ② Characteristics of inter-industrial linkage: Integrated correlation of industries has a significant change between 1987 and 2002. The inter-related intensity of industries is gradually increasing. It is positively correlated between industries associated intensity and their comprehensive linkage industries. ③ Interaction characteristics of inter-regional industries: Inter-regional industrial linkage has clear space directivity to the neighborhood area, and the same industry in different regions has different intensities of inter-regional linkage and range of industrial linkage. Adjacent regions have strong linkage between industries. There is a close relation between industry-level linkage and the level of regional economic development. Horizontal linkage of cross-regional industry increased, and the mixed pattern of horizontal and vertical linkage in industries is emerging. Primary industry, tertiary industries and manufacturing industry in secondary industry are weak linkage industries, and there is lack of effective convergence among them. The cooperative areas are more concentrated on low-tech energy and raw material-based industries and related downstream industries, so the regional advantage has not been effectively integrated.

Key words: region, industry, division, linkage, input-output