地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (8): 1427-1438.doi: 10.11821/yj2010080008

• 旅游与文化 • 上一篇    下一篇

农村居民婚姻迁移空间演变及内在机制——以四川盆地为例

艾大宾, 李宏芸, 谢贤健   

  1. 内江师范学院资源与环境科学学院,内江 641000
  • 收稿日期:2009-06-05 修回日期:2010-03-07 出版日期:2010-08-25 发布日期:2010-08-30
  • 作者简介:
    艾大宾(1970-),重庆渝北人,副教授。主要从事乡村地理和社会地理研究。 E-mail: sc-adb@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    四川省教育厅青年基金资助项目(07SB016)

Study on spatial evolvement and internal mechanism of the marriage migration of rural residents:The case of Sichuan Basin

AI Da-bin, LI Hong-yun, XIE Xian-jian   

  1. School of Resource and Environment Science, Neijiang Normal University, Neijiang 641000, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2009-06-05 Revised:2010-03-07 Online:2010-08-25 Published:2010-08-30

摘要:

婚姻迁移是农村人口迁移的重要方面,在不同的经济社会背景下,农村居民的婚姻迁移表现出不同的空间特征,并随着经济社会的变迁不断发生演变。本文以四川盆地为例,采用经验主义的研究方法,立足于大量的实地调研资料,分析了我国农村居民婚姻迁移空间演变的主要特征,表现出通婚的地域范围在各个时期发生着不同形式的变化,总体上呈随时代发展逐渐扩大的态势,地理环境、文化程度和从业状况与婚迁距离有密切关系,经济因素在婚迁地域选择中的作用日益突出。同时,探讨了农村居民婚姻迁移空间演变的内在机制,认为其是随着经济社会的发展,在农村生产经营方式变革、国家社会政策、经济利益诉求、空间距离阻力、婚介手段变化等多种因素共同作用下所产生的。

关键词: 婚姻迁移, 空间演变, 内在机制, 农村居民, 四川盆地

Abstract:

Marriage migration is an important aspect of population migration in rural areas. Under the background of different economies and societies, the marriage migration of rural residents manifests different spatial characteristics, and with the changes of economy and society, the spatial characteristics present corresponding changes. In this article, by taking Sichuan Basin as an example and adopting method of empiricism research, the main characteristics of spatial evolvement of marriage migration of rural residents in the Sichuan Basin were analyzed based on a large number of on-the-spot investigation data. The results showed that changes of spatial range of intermarriage had taken place in different forms in different periods. From pre-1950s to the 1950s, the intermarriage area of rural residents was the smallest. In the 1960s and 1970s, the period of collective economy, it enlarged gradually. With the carrying out of rural family contracted responsibility system in the 1980s, it began to shrink. After the establishment of market economy system in the 1990s, the intermarriage area enlarged once again. Since 2000, the tendency has been more obvious. But, in general, the spatial range of intermarriage had gradually enlarged with the elapse of times. As far as reasons are concerned, geographic environment, educational level and career type have had close connection with distance of marriage migration, and economic factors have increasingly played a significant role in regional choice of marriage migration. Furthermore, internal mechanisms that cause spatial evolvement of marriage migration of rural residents were discussed in this article. Results showed that with the development of economy and society, manifold factors jointly had brought about the spatial evolvement of intermarriage, including transformation of production and management mode in rural areas, execution of national society policies, pursuit of economic profit, and existence of spatial resistance as well as change of medium means of marriage.

Key words: marriage migration, spatial evolvement, internal mechanism, rural residents, Sichuan Basin