地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1538-1545.doi: 10.11821/yj2010090001

• 所庆专栏 •    下一篇

地域系统研究的开拓与发展

吴绍洪, 尹云鹤, 樊杰, 郑度, 杨勤业   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-10 修回日期:2010-08-25 出版日期:2010-09-20 发布日期:2010-09-20
  • 作者简介:吴绍洪(1961-),男,广东人,研究员,博士生导师。主要从事自然地理综合研究。 E-mail: wush@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目资助(40701010)

Retrospect and prospect of regionalization system of China

WU Shao-hong, YIN Yun-he, FAN Jie, ZHENG Du, YANG Qin-ye   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2010-08-10 Revised:2010-08-25 Online:2010-09-20 Published:2010-09-20

摘要:

通过分析中科院地理科学与资源研究所地域系统研究的开拓与发展历程,总结了"综合自然区划-生态地理区域系统-综合区划"重要发展阶段的创新成果,介绍了重要的格局研究所取得的进展。地域系统研究与社会发展的客观需求密切相关。20世纪50年代,为了认识自然规律,为农业生产布局服务,开创了综合自然区划;20世纪90年代,从生态建设和环境保护的需求出发,将生态系统观点、生态学原理和方法引入地域系统研究,开展了生态地理地域系统研究;随着地球系统科学和可持续发展研究的深入,从20世纪末开始探索综合区划研究,自然要素和社会经济要素的有机融合成为近期格局研究的鲜明特色。在此过程中,地域系统研究的方法论和技术手段不断创新,遥感、地理信息系统和数值模型等的深入应用,极大地推进了该领域的研究。中科院地理资源所的地域系统研究,始终与国家的重大经济建设和环境保护紧密结合,成为今后自然地理学乃至地理学发展的一个重要方向。

关键词: 地域系统, 综合自然区划, 生态地理区域系统, 综合区划

Abstract:

Regionalization system of China has attained substantial achievements in the last decades by the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research under the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Based on the stages of "integrated physical geographical regionalization-eco-geographical regionalization-comprehensive regionalization",significant progresses and achievements of some important regionalization schemes were introduced in this paper. In 1950s, integrated physical geographical regionalization was initiated in order to guide the distribution of agricultural production. In the 1990s, eco-geographical regionalization was carried out to instruct ecological development and environmental protection based on ecological theories and methods. Since the end of the 20th century, comprehensive regionalization has been developed along with the further research into earth science and sustainable development. A combination of physical factors with socio-economic factors has been the distinguishing characteristic of recent regionalization research. Moreover, the continuous innovation in methodology and technology, such as remote sensing, geographical information system and numerical simulation, has promoted the development of regionalization research. Regionalization system which was tightly coupled with national economic development and environmental protection would be an important direction of physical geography and even geography in future development.

Key words: regionalization system, integrated physical geographical regionalization, eco-geographical system, comprehensive regionalization