地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (10): 1780-1792.doi: 10.11821/yj2010100006

• 经济与区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域经济空间分异机制研究——一个理论分析模型及其在黄河流域的应用

覃成林1,2, 李敏纳3   

  1. 1. 河南大学黄河文明与可持续发展研究中心,开封 475001;
    2. 暨南大学特区港澳经济研究所,广州 510632;
    3. 海南师范大学经济与管理学院,海口 571158
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-10 修回日期:2010-08-07 出版日期:2010-10-20 发布日期:2010-10-20
  • 作者简介:覃成林(1962-),男,湖北来凤人,教授。主要从事区域经济、经济地理研究。E-mail:qinchlin@vip.sina.com。
    李敏纳(1966-),湖北枝江人,副教授。主要从事区域经济研究。E-mail:lxp660820@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(05JJDZH226)

The mechanism of the spatial dissimilarity of regional economy: A theoretical model and its application in the Yellow River Valley

QIN Cheng-lin1,2, LI Min-na3   

  1. 1. Center for Research in Yellow River Civilization and Sustainable Development, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China;
    2. Institute of Hongkong, Macao and SEZs Economy, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China;
    3. The Economy and Management Institute, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
  • Received:2009-12-10 Revised:2010-08-07 Online:2010-10-20 Published:2010-10-20

摘要:

区域经济空间分异机制是区域经济研究的一个重要问题。目前对此问题的研究有多个视角,但各个视角的研究成果都只是从某个方面阐释区域经济空间分异的机制。本文从区域经济空间分异机制的内涵出发,以经济增长因素的相关理论和分工理论为基础,将各个视角的研究成果贯穿起来,构建了一个解释区域经济空间分异机制的理论分析模型,并运用这个模型对黄河流域经济空间分异机制进行了实证分析。结果表明,黄河流域综合要素禀赋、分工与集聚的耦合互动关系明显存在,黄河流域经济空间分异受要素禀赋决定作用机制、分工传导作用机制和循环累积因果机制的支配。

关键词: 区域经济空间分异, 要素禀赋, 分工, 集聚, 黄河流域

Abstract:

The mechanism of the spatial dissimilarity of regional economy is an important problem for regional economic research. At present, on this problem, there are 5 research visual angles, namely factor endowments, main body of economic activity, object of economic space, division of labor and the system. The research result of each visual angle only explains the mechanism of spatial dissimilarity of regional economy from a certain aspect, the unified theoretical frame of explaining the mechanism of spatial dissimilarity of regional economy has not yet taken shape. The factors influencing the spatial dissimilarity of regional economy are multidimensional and multi-level. It is essential to consider the research results of each visual angle as a whole so that we can get a better understanding of the mechanism of spatial dissimilarity of regional economy. In view of this, this paper embarks on the connotation of the mechanism of spatial dissimilarity of regional economy, takes the relevant theories of economic growth factors and the theory about the division of labor as the rationale and constructs a theoretical analytical model for explaining the mechanism of the spatial dissimilarity of regional economy. The theoretical analytical model reveals that comprehensive factor endowments determine division of labor, and the division of labor produces the result of agglomeration. Thus, comprehensive factor endowments, division of labor and agglomeration are coupling and interacting. Under the control of this relation, in the aspect of spatial dissimilarity of regional economy, there are 3 mechanisms which are both distinguishing mutually and inseparable, namely factor endowments decision function mechanism, the conductive function mechanism of division of labor and the circulation accumulation causality mechanism. Moreover, this paper uses the theoretical analytical model to conduct the empirical analysis for the mechanism of economic spatial dissimilarity in the Yellow River Valley. The results show that there are obvious coupling interaction relations among factor endowments, division of labor and agglomeration in the Yellow River Valley, and the economic spatial dissimilarity in the Yellow River Valley is greatly affected by factor endowments decision function mechanism, the conductive function mechanism of division of labor and the circulation accumulation causality mechanism.

Key words: spatial dissimilarity of regional economy, factor endowments, division of labor, agglomeration, the Yellow River Valley