地理研究 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (11): 2059-2069.doi: 10.11821/yj2010110014

• 城市与乡村 • 上一篇    下一篇

实用主义VS科学主义:中国城市地理学的研究取向

刘云刚, 许学强   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州,510275
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-12 修回日期:2010-07-06 出版日期:2010-11-20 发布日期:2010-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 许学强(1939-),男,湖北公安人,教授,博士生导师。主要从事城市地理学研究。 E-mail:eesxxq@sysu.edu.cn E-mail:eesxxq@sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘云刚(1973-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,副教授。主要从事城市地理学、政治地理学、地理学史研究。E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40701041、40871066);教育部博士点基金项目(20070558072);国家科技基础性工作专项项目(2007FY140800);留学回国人员科研启动基金项目资助

Pragmatism vs. scientism: Which is the sponsor of urban geography in China?

LIU Yun-gang, XU Xue-qiang   

  1. School of Geography Sciences and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2010-02-12 Revised:2010-07-06 Online:2010-11-20 Published:2010-11-20

摘要:

从学科价值论的角度出发,对中国城市地理学的研究动态进行了分析和评述,对今后发展的价值取向进行了讨论。中国城市地理学30年来秉承实用主义传统,学科获得迅速发展。另一方面,科学研究的范式也日渐扎根普及。这些变化表现在中国城市地理学研究成果的形式和内容上,具体体现在点的研究相对减少,而面的研究相对增多;实证研究中研究区域的尺度下降,更加重视案例分析;更加重视可量化的科学方法;更多关注科学问题等方面。更为重要的是,这些变化使中国城市地理学的学科价值取向出现分化,形成科学和实用两种不同的标准。本文从学科建设的角度对此现象进行讨论,并呼吁中国城市地理学界应合理引导研究取向,促进科学研究和实用性的有效结合。

关键词: 城市地理学, 城市规划, 科学主义, 实用主义, 中国

Abstract:

Rapid progress has made in urban geography in China in the past three decades. How should we look upon urban geography in China at present and in the future? From the perspective of the axiology of the discipline, this paper collects and analyzes the essays of urban geography from five main academic geographic journals, and makes a systematic review on the history and trends of the development of urban geography in China. We have found that the number of the research papers on urban geography in China has increased steadily after the 1980s, and the growth rate has been slowed down up to the 1990s. The development tendency of the research can be summarized as follows: (1) The research of urban geography in China has mainly concentrated on four aspects of urbanization, urban system, urban spatial structure and urban problems. (2) After 2000, research upon point has decreased relatively, while the research on area has increased; Compared to the reduction of research 'of the city', the research 'in the city' has increased. (3) More and more researches focus on urban function and make use of qualitative methods. Problem oriented rather than theory oriented has been the mainstream. The main problem of urban geography is lack of innovation on the angle of theory and analysis. Lots of researches are basically the duplication of the works 20 years ago. The deeper problem can be illustrated as two different factions on the axiology of the discipline, namely, pragmatism and scientism. From the angle of reflection, this paper appeals for a reasonable research orientation of urban geography in China. Research upon problems and theories should be integrated effectively, and we ought to avoid going to the extremes of metaphysics. They are two sides of urban geography, which are complemented for each other and neither can be neglected.

Key words: urban geography, city planning, scientism, pragmatism, China